Personal, social, and cultural correlates of self-efficacy beliefs among South Korean college smokers

Hyunyi Cho, Jiyeon So, Jinro Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Much research has documented the significant influence of self-efficacy on smoking cessation, but considerably less is known as to what health communicators can do to promote or address barriers to self-efficacy. This study investigated personal, social, and cultural correlates of smoking self-efficacy. A survey of college smokers was done in South Korea, where the current smoking rate among males is over 56%. At the personal level, the perceived successfulness of the last quit trial positively predicted self-efficacy. At the social level, interpersonal communication with friends was positively associated with self-efficacy. The cultural orientation of independent self-construal was positively associated with self-efficacy. These results indicate that factors affecting smokers' self-efficacy are operative in multiple domains and levels. Future communication programs should promote positive perceptions about prior quit trials, and segment the audience in terms of their self-construal to effectively enhance self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-345
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Communication
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Communication

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