Interestingly, the petals of flowering plants display unique hierarchical structures, in which surface relief gratings (SRGs) are conformably coated on a curved surface with a large radius of curvature (hereafter referred to as wavy surface). However, systematic studies on the interplay between the diffractive modes and the wavy surface have not yet been reported, due to the absence of deterministic nanofabrication methods capable of generating combinatorially diverse SRGs on a wavy surface. Here, by taking advantage of the recently developed nanofabrication composed of evaporative assembly and photofluidic holography inscription, we were able to achieve (i) combinatorially diverse petal-inspired SRGs with controlled curvatures, periodicities, and dimensionalities, and (ii) systematic optical studies of the relevant diffraction modes. Furthermore, the unique diffraction modes of the petal-inspired SRGs were found to be useful for the enhancement of the outcoupling efficiency of an organic light emitting diode (OLED). Thus, our systematic analysis of the interplay between the diffractive modes and the petal-inspired SRGs provides a basis for making more informed decisions in the design of petal-inspired diffractive grating and its applications to optoelectronics.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientist (B) (25870076 to H.K.) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT).
© 2017 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)