Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of erlotinib in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who experienced disease progression after treatment with gefitinib. Patients and Methods: The study included stage IIIB/IV recurrent or metastatic NSCLC patients who received two or three prior chemotherapy regimens and showed progressive disease within 4 months of gefitinib therapy discontinuation. Patients received erlotinib 150 mg/d until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations and other genetic abnormalities were analyzed from available tumor samples. Results: Patient and disease characteristics (N = 21) included median age 56 years; number of prior chemotherapy regimens (three; n = 11); female sex (n = 11); adenocarcinoma (n = 15); and never-smoker status (n = 11). Among the 17 patients with tumor samples available, EGFR mutations were detected in five. The disease control rate (DCR) and response rate (RR) for all patients were 28.6% and 9.5%, respectively. The median duration of disease control was 125 days. The median time to progression and overall survival were 60 days and 158 days, respectively. Patients who had stable disease (SD) while receiving gefitinib showed significantly higher DCR (75% v 17.6% in non-SD patients; P = .050) and RR (50.0% v 0% in non-SD patients; P = .029). Among 17 patients with biomarker results available, those lacking EGFR mutations who had SD while receiving gefitinib showed significantly higher DCR and RR. Conclusion: Erlotinib seems to be a potential therapeutic option for the treatment of advanced NSCLC patients with wild-type EGFR who had SD while receiving gefitinib.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research