A significant ecological problem was developed on disposing the enormous amounts of waste activated sludge (WAS) produced by traditional wastewater treatment. There have been various attempts recently originated to develop innovative methods for substantial sludge treatment. The most frequently used approach for treating sludge to produces methane and reduces sludge is anaerobic treatment. The hydrolysis phase in WAS limits the breakdown of complex macrobiotic compounds. The presence of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in biomass prevents the substrate from being hydrolyzed. Enhancing substrate hydrolysis involves removal of EPS preceded by phase separated pretreatment. Hence, a critical assessment of various phase separated pretreatment that has a remarkable effect on the anaerobic digestion process was documented in detail. Moreover, the economic viability and energy requirement of this treatment process was also discussed. Perspectives and recommendations for methane production were also provided to attain effectual sludge management.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Nov|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The work is supported by the funding from UGC-STRIDE-Component-1/2021 (project on climate change under the title “Application of bio char on agro ecosystem for mitigating climate change and GHG emission” at Central University of Tamil Nadu, Tiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India.
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal