Phase Transition upon K+ Ion Exchange into Na-Low Silica X: Combined NMR and Synchrotron X-ray Powder Diffraction Study

Yongjae Lee, Stuart W. Carr, John B. Parise

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The mechanism by which K+ ions exchange into zeolite Na-low silica X (LSX) (Na96Al96-Si96O384·nH 2O) has been determined by studying structures of the Na-LSX and K-LSX end members in the Na-K LSX solid solution series as well as samples exchanged at the 20%, 42% and 80% K+ levels. A preliminary investigation using 29Si MAS NMR spectroscopy revealed a two-phase region in the solid solution near 80% K+ exchange. Rietveld analysis of the powder diffraction data collected from hydrated samples showed that, up to 42% of K+ exchange, K+ ions were located preferentially at site I′, just outside the double 6-ring (D6R) in the sodalite cage, and at site II, above the single 6-ring (S6R) in the supercage. Introduction of K+ ions into site I′ repositioned Na+ ions into site I, at the center of the D6R. An abrupt change in the cubic lattice parameter from 25.0389(5) to 25.2086(5) Å marked the formation of a second phase at the 80% K+-exchange level as K+ ions began to occupy site I. No coexistence of phases was observed for the fully K+-exchanged sample (a = 25.2486(2) Å), where sites I and II were fully occupied by K+ ions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2561-2570
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Sep 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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