Phosphate adsorption onto Laminaria japonica-derived biochar (LB)-calcium alginate beads (CAB) under a continuous flow fixed-bed column condition was investigated by varying three operating parameters including the bed height, initial phosphate concentration, and flow rate. Experimental results confirmed that the breakthrough time and exhaustion time decreased with decreasing bed height and increasing initial phosphate concentration and flow rate. The relationship between the adsorption capacity of LB-CAB and the varied parameters was assessed and predicted using three different theoretical breakthrough curve models: the Adams–Bohart, Thomas, and Yoon–Nelson models. Among them, the breakthrough curves were successfully simulated with the Yoon–Nelson model for all operating parameters with the highest R2 and the lowest error function values. Finally, a simple pot experiment for the growth of Lactuca sativa revealed that the addition of phosphate adsorbed LB-CAB (10% wt/wt) offers potential for use as an additive to fertilizers for improved soil fertility.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the National Research Council of Science and Technology (Project no Asia-02-002).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Water Science and Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Environmental Science(all)