Phosphate adsorption from aqueous solution by Laminaria japonica-derived biochar-calcium alginate beads in a fixed-bed column: Experiments and prediction of breakthrough curves

Kyung Won Jung, Tae Un Jeong, Brian Hyun Choi, Hojeong Kang, Kyu Hong Ahn

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phosphate adsorption onto Laminaria japonica-derived biochar (LB)-calcium alginate beads (CAB) under a continuous flow fixed-bed column condition was investigated by varying three operating parameters including the bed height, initial phosphate concentration, and flow rate. Experimental results confirmed that the breakthrough time and exhaustion time decreased with decreasing bed height and increasing initial phosphate concentration and flow rate. The relationship between the adsorption capacity of LB-CAB and the varied parameters was assessed and predicted using three different theoretical breakthrough curve models: the Adams–Bohart, Thomas, and Yoon–Nelson models. Among them, the breakthrough curves were successfully simulated with the Yoon–Nelson model for all operating parameters with the highest R2 and the lowest error function values. Finally, a simple pot experiment for the growth of Lactuca sativa revealed that the addition of phosphate adsorbed LB-CAB (10% wt/wt) offers potential for use as an additive to fertilizers for improved soil fertility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1373
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Progress and Sustainable Energy
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Science(all)

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