Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is a key transcriptional mediator that coordinates the expression of various genes involved in tumorigenesis in response to changes in oxygen tension. The stability of HIF-1α protein is determined by oxygen-dependent prolyl hydroxylation, which is required for binding of the von Hippel-Lindau protein (VHL), the recognition component of an E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets HIF-1α for ubiquitination and degradation. Here, we demonstrate that PLD2 protein itself interacts with HIF-1α, prolyl hydroxylase (PHD) and VHL to promote degradation of HIF-1α via the proteasomal pathway independent of lipase activity. PLD2 increases PHD2-mediated hydroxylation of HIF-1α by increasing the interaction of HIF-1α with PHD2. Moreover, PLD2 promotes VHL-dependent HIF-1α degradation by accelerating the association between VHL and HIF-1α. The interaction of the pleckstrin homology domain of PLD2 with HIF-1α also promoted degradaion of HIF-1α and decreased expression of its target genes. These results indicate that PLD2 negatively regulates the stability of HIF-1α through the dynamic assembly of HIF-1α, PHD2 and VHL.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (NRF-2015R1A2A1A05001884) and a Translational Research Center for Protein Function Control Grant (NSF 2009-0092960).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry