Phosphorous-containing oxygen-deficient cobalt molybdate as an advanced electrode material for supercapacitors

Shude Liu, Ying Yin, Dixing Ni, Kwan San Hui, Kwun Nam Hui, Suchan Lee, Chu Ying Ouyang, Seong Chan Jun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The intrinsically poor electrical conductivity and insufficient number of electrochemically active sites of transition-metal oxides hamper their wide application in high-performance supercapacitors. Herein, we demonstrate an effective strategy of creating phosphorus-containing cobalt molybdate (CoMoO4) with oxygen vacancies (P-CoMoO4-x) on nickel foam for use as a supercapacitor electrode. Experimental analyses and theoretical calculations reveal that the electronic structure of P-CoMoO4-x can be efficiently modulated by incorporating P heteroatoms and O vacancies, thereby simultaneously reducing the energy band gap and increasing electrical conductivity. Moreover, incorporating P into P-CoMoO4-x weakens the Co–O bond energy and induces the low oxidation states of molybdenum species, facilitating surface redox chemistry and improving electrochemical performance. Accordingly, the optimized P-CoMoO4-x electrode exhibits a high specific capacity of 1368 C g−1 at a current density of 2 A g−1, and it retains 95.3% of the initial capacity after 5000 cycles at a high current density of 10 A g−1. An asymmetric supercapacitor assembled with the optimized P-CoMoO4-x as positive electrode and activated carbon as negative electrode delivers a high energy density of 58 W h kg−1 at a power density of 850 W kg−1 as well as achieves excellent cycling lifespan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-196
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy Storage Materials
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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