The intrinsically poor electrical conductivity and insufficient number of electrochemically active sites of transition-metal oxides hamper their wide application in high-performance supercapacitors. Herein, we demonstrate an effective strategy of creating phosphorus-containing cobalt molybdate (CoMoO4) with oxygen vacancies (P-CoMoO4-x) on nickel foam for use as a supercapacitor electrode. Experimental analyses and theoretical calculations reveal that the electronic structure of P-CoMoO4-x can be efficiently modulated by incorporating P heteroatoms and O vacancies, thereby simultaneously reducing the energy band gap and increasing electrical conductivity. Moreover, incorporating P into P-CoMoO4-x weakens the Co–O bond energy and induces the low oxidation states of molybdenum species, facilitating surface redox chemistry and improving electrochemical performance. Accordingly, the optimized P-CoMoO4-x electrode exhibits a high specific capacity of 1368 C g−1 at a current density of 2 A g−1, and it retains 95.3% of the initial capacity after 5000 cycles at a high current density of 10 A g−1. An asymmetric supercapacitor assembled with the optimized P-CoMoO4-x as positive electrode and activated carbon as negative electrode delivers a high energy density of 58 W h kg−1 at a power density of 850 W kg−1 as well as achieves excellent cycling lifespan.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was partially supported by the Nanomaterial Technology Development Program ( NRF-2017M3A7B4041987 ) and Korean Government (MSIP) (No. 2015R1A5A1037668 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology