Mesoporous materials have been proved to be meritorious for energy-related applications by virtue of their high surface areas and tunable porosities. Their interactions with guest species give rise to abundant accessible active sites, leading to easy mass/charge transfer. Recently, phosphorus-based mesoporous materials have attracted immense interest as a promising electrode/catalyst material for clean and renewable energy technologies, owing to their architectural superiority and intrinsic electrochemical activity. In particular, metal phosphates, phosphonates, and phosphides have demonstrated versatile electrocatalytic activity. Herein, we summarize the current state-of-the-art synthetic strategies of mesoporous metal phosphates, phosphonates, and phosphides for energy storage and conversion applications. Perspectives on the existing challenges in synthesis and application performance and opportunities for future material design are put forward.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Australian Research Council (ARC) Future Fellow ( FT150100479 ), JSPS KAKENHI ( 17H05393 and 17K19044 ), and the research fund by the Suzuken Memorial Foundation.
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.
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