CKII plays a significant role in cell proliferation and cell cycle control. In this report, yeast two-hybrid assay and pull-down assay demonstrate that CKBBP2/CRIF1 associates with the β subunit of CKII in vitro and in vivo. Recombinant CKBBP2/CRIF1 is phosphorylated in vitro by purified CKII and by CKII inhibitor apigenin-sensitive protein kinase in HEK293 cell extract. Phosphoamino acid analysis and mutational analysis indicate that CKII phosphorylates serine at residue 221 within CKBBP2/CRIF1. Furthermore, serine to alanine mutation at residue 221 abrogates the phosphorylation of CKBBP2/CRIF1 observed in HEK293 cell extract, indicating that CKII is a major kinase that is responsible for phosphorylation of CKBBP2/CRIF1. As compared with the wild-type CKBBP2/CRIF1 or nonphosphorylatable mutant CKBBP2S221A (in which the serine-221 is replaced by alanine), overexpression of CKBBP2S221E in COS7 cells promotes cell proliferation. Taken together, the present results suggest that CKII may be involved in cell proliferation, at least in part, through the phosphorylation of serine-221 within CKBBP2/CRIF1.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grant No. R01-2002-000-00262-0 (2002) from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science & Engineering Foundation and grant No. RT104-03-02 from the Regional Technology Innovation Program of the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy (MOCIE).
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