Photoelectrochemical properties of doubly β-functionalized porphyrin sensitizers for dye-sensitized nanocrystalline-TiO2 solar cells

Jong Kang Park, Hye Ryun Lee, Jinping Chen, Hiroshi Shinokubo, Atsuhiro Osuka, Dongho Kim

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128 Citations (Scopus)


Functionalized porphyrins at meso- and β-positions with different carboxylic acid groups were prepared to investigate electronic and photovoltaic properties as dye-sensitized nanocrystalline-TiO2 solar cells. The electronic structures of the porphyrin macrocyclic core are strongly coupled with olefinic side chains so that the absorption spectrum exhibits largely broad and red-shifted Soret and Q-bands, especially up to 475 nm at the Soret band in a porphyrin doubly functionalized with malonic diacid groups. Among porphyrin derivatives prepared in this study, 2b-bdta-Zn exhibits the maximum overall conversion efficiency of 3.03% and the maximum incident photon to current efficiency of 60.1 % in the Soret band region, superior to the others. From such photovoltaic performances, we can suggest that multiple pathways through olefinic side chains at two β-positions enhance the overall electron injection efficiency and the moderate distance between the porphyrin sensitizer and the TiO2 semiconductor layer is important, retarding the charge recombination processes. As a consequence, these combined effects give rise to higher photovoltaic efficiency in photovoltaic regenerative solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16691-16699
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number42
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct 23

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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