Photofunctionalization enhances bone-implant contact, dynamics of interfacial osteogenesis, marginal bone seal, and removal torque value of implants: A dog jawbone study

Se Wook Pyo, Young Bum Park, Hong Seok Moon, Jae Hoon Lee, Takahiro Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: Ultraviolet (UV) light treatment of titanium, ie, photofunctionalization, has been extensively reported to enhance the osteoconductivity of titanium in animal and in vitro studies. This is the first study to examine whether photofunctionalization is effective on commercial dental implants in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: Dental implants with a microroughened surface were placed into dog jawbones. Photofunctionalization was performed by treating implants with UV light for 15 minutes using a photo device immediately before placement. Four weeks after placement, bone-implant integration was evaluated using a removable torque test and static and dynamic histology. RESULTS:: Implant surfaces were converted from hydrophobic to super-hydrophilic after photofunctionalization. Removable torque for photofunctionalized implants was significantly higher by 50% than that for untreated implants. Bone-implant contact (BIC) was significantly higher for photofunctionalized implants in all zones examined: marginal, cortical, and bone marrow zones. An intensive mineralized layer was exclusively present in marginal bone at photofunctionalized interface. Dynamic histology identified early-onset, long-lasting robust bone deposition at photofunctionalized interface. CONCLUSIONS:: Photofunctionalization enhanced the morphology, quality, and behavior of periimplant osteogenesis, including the increased BIC, expedited robust interfacial bone deposition, and improved marginal bone seal and support.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)666-675
Number of pages10
JournalImplant dentistry
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery

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