Photoluminescence investigation of ferromagnetic Ga1-xMnxN layers with GaN templates grown on sapphire (0 0 0 1) substrates

I. T. Yoon, M. H. Ham, Jae Min Myoung

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We have investigated the temperature and composition dependent photoluminescence (PL) spectra in Ga1-xMnxN layers (where x ≈ 0.1-0.8%) grown on sapphire (0 0 0 1) substrates using the plasma-enhanced molecular beam epitaxy technique. The efficient PL is peaked in the red (1.86 eV), yellow (2.34 eV), and blue (3.29 eV) spectral range. The band-gap energy of the Ga1-xMnxN layers decreased with increasing temperature and manganese composition. The band-gap energy of the Ga1-xMnxN layers was modeled by the Varshni equation and the parameters were determined to be α = 2.3 × 10-4, 2.7 × 10-4, 3.4 × 10-4 eV/K and β = 210, 210, and 230 K for the manganese composition x = 0.1%, 0.2%, and 0.8%, respectively. As the Mn concentration in the Ga1-xMnxN layers increased, the temperature dependence of the band-gap energy was clearly reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4840-4843
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 15


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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