Photovoltaic properties of self-assembled monolayers of porphyrins and porphyrin-fullerene dyads on ITO and gold surfaces

Hiroko Yamada, Hiroshi Imahori, Yoshinobu Nishimura, Iwao Yamazaki, Tae Kyu Ahn, Seong Keun Kim, Dongho Kim, Shunichi Fukuzumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

248 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A systematic series of ITO electrodes modified chemically with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of porphyrins and porphyrin-fullerene dyads have been designed to provide valuable insight into the development of artificial photosynthetic devices. First the ITO and gold electrodes modified chemically with SAMs of porphyrins with a spacer of the same number of atoms were prepared to compare the effects of energy transfer (EN) quenching of the porphyrin excited singlet states by the two electrodes. Less EN quenching was observed on the ITO electrode as compared to the EN quenching on the corresponding gold electrode, leading to remarkable enhancement of the photocurrent generation (ca. 280 times) in the porphyrin SAMs on the ITO electrode in the presence of the triethanolamine (TEA) used as a sacrificial electron donor. The porphyrin (H2P) was then linked with C60 which can act as an electron acceptor to construct H2P-C60 SAMs on the ITO surface in the presence of hexyl viologen (HV2+) used as an electron carrier in a three electrode system, denoted as ITO/H2P-C60/HV2+/Pt. The quantum yield of the photocurrent generation of the ITO/H2P-C60/HV2+/Pt system (6.4%) is 30 times larger than that of the corresponding system without C60: ITO/H2P-ref/HV2+/Pt (0.21%). Such enhancement of photocurrent generation in the porphyrin-fullerene dyad system is ascribed to an efficient photoinduced ET from the porphyrin singlet excited state to the C60 moiety as indicated by the fluorescence lifetime measurements and also by time-resolved transient absorption studies on the ITO systems. The surface structures of H2P and H2P-C60 SAMs on ITO (H2P/ITO and H2P-C60/ITO) have been observed successfully in molecular resolution with atomic force microscopy for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9129-9139
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume125
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jul 30

Fingerprint

Fullerenes
Porphyrins
Self assembled monolayers
Gold
Electrodes
Photocurrents
Quenching
Electrons
Excited states
Viologens
Triethanolamine
Atomic Force Microscopy
Energy Transfer
Quantum yield
Surface structure
Energy transfer
Atomic force microscopy
Fluorescence
Equipment and Supplies
Atoms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Yamada, Hiroko ; Imahori, Hiroshi ; Nishimura, Yoshinobu ; Yamazaki, Iwao ; Ahn, Tae Kyu ; Kim, Seong Keun ; Kim, Dongho ; Fukuzumi, Shunichi. / Photovoltaic properties of self-assembled monolayers of porphyrins and porphyrin-fullerene dyads on ITO and gold surfaces. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2003 ; Vol. 125, No. 30. pp. 9129-9139.
@article{8616b7c214964c608408fb909ac04279,
title = "Photovoltaic properties of self-assembled monolayers of porphyrins and porphyrin-fullerene dyads on ITO and gold surfaces",
abstract = "A systematic series of ITO electrodes modified chemically with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of porphyrins and porphyrin-fullerene dyads have been designed to provide valuable insight into the development of artificial photosynthetic devices. First the ITO and gold electrodes modified chemically with SAMs of porphyrins with a spacer of the same number of atoms were prepared to compare the effects of energy transfer (EN) quenching of the porphyrin excited singlet states by the two electrodes. Less EN quenching was observed on the ITO electrode as compared to the EN quenching on the corresponding gold electrode, leading to remarkable enhancement of the photocurrent generation (ca. 280 times) in the porphyrin SAMs on the ITO electrode in the presence of the triethanolamine (TEA) used as a sacrificial electron donor. The porphyrin (H2P) was then linked with C60 which can act as an electron acceptor to construct H2P-C60 SAMs on the ITO surface in the presence of hexyl viologen (HV2+) used as an electron carrier in a three electrode system, denoted as ITO/H2P-C60/HV2+/Pt. The quantum yield of the photocurrent generation of the ITO/H2P-C60/HV2+/Pt system (6.4{\%}) is 30 times larger than that of the corresponding system without C60: ITO/H2P-ref/HV2+/Pt (0.21{\%}). Such enhancement of photocurrent generation in the porphyrin-fullerene dyad system is ascribed to an efficient photoinduced ET from the porphyrin singlet excited state to the C60 moiety as indicated by the fluorescence lifetime measurements and also by time-resolved transient absorption studies on the ITO systems. The surface structures of H2P and H2P-C60 SAMs on ITO (H2P/ITO and H2P-C60/ITO) have been observed successfully in molecular resolution with atomic force microscopy for the first time.",
author = "Hiroko Yamada and Hiroshi Imahori and Yoshinobu Nishimura and Iwao Yamazaki and Ahn, {Tae Kyu} and Kim, {Seong Keun} and Dongho Kim and Shunichi Fukuzumi",
year = "2003",
month = "7",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1021/ja034913f",
language = "English",
volume = "125",
pages = "9129--9139",
journal = "Journal of the American Chemical Society",
issn = "0002-7863",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "30",

}

Photovoltaic properties of self-assembled monolayers of porphyrins and porphyrin-fullerene dyads on ITO and gold surfaces. / Yamada, Hiroko; Imahori, Hiroshi; Nishimura, Yoshinobu; Yamazaki, Iwao; Ahn, Tae Kyu; Kim, Seong Keun; Kim, Dongho; Fukuzumi, Shunichi.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 125, No. 30, 30.07.2003, p. 9129-9139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Photovoltaic properties of self-assembled monolayers of porphyrins and porphyrin-fullerene dyads on ITO and gold surfaces

AU - Yamada, Hiroko

AU - Imahori, Hiroshi

AU - Nishimura, Yoshinobu

AU - Yamazaki, Iwao

AU - Ahn, Tae Kyu

AU - Kim, Seong Keun

AU - Kim, Dongho

AU - Fukuzumi, Shunichi

PY - 2003/7/30

Y1 - 2003/7/30

N2 - A systematic series of ITO electrodes modified chemically with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of porphyrins and porphyrin-fullerene dyads have been designed to provide valuable insight into the development of artificial photosynthetic devices. First the ITO and gold electrodes modified chemically with SAMs of porphyrins with a spacer of the same number of atoms were prepared to compare the effects of energy transfer (EN) quenching of the porphyrin excited singlet states by the two electrodes. Less EN quenching was observed on the ITO electrode as compared to the EN quenching on the corresponding gold electrode, leading to remarkable enhancement of the photocurrent generation (ca. 280 times) in the porphyrin SAMs on the ITO electrode in the presence of the triethanolamine (TEA) used as a sacrificial electron donor. The porphyrin (H2P) was then linked with C60 which can act as an electron acceptor to construct H2P-C60 SAMs on the ITO surface in the presence of hexyl viologen (HV2+) used as an electron carrier in a three electrode system, denoted as ITO/H2P-C60/HV2+/Pt. The quantum yield of the photocurrent generation of the ITO/H2P-C60/HV2+/Pt system (6.4%) is 30 times larger than that of the corresponding system without C60: ITO/H2P-ref/HV2+/Pt (0.21%). Such enhancement of photocurrent generation in the porphyrin-fullerene dyad system is ascribed to an efficient photoinduced ET from the porphyrin singlet excited state to the C60 moiety as indicated by the fluorescence lifetime measurements and also by time-resolved transient absorption studies on the ITO systems. The surface structures of H2P and H2P-C60 SAMs on ITO (H2P/ITO and H2P-C60/ITO) have been observed successfully in molecular resolution with atomic force microscopy for the first time.

AB - A systematic series of ITO electrodes modified chemically with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of porphyrins and porphyrin-fullerene dyads have been designed to provide valuable insight into the development of artificial photosynthetic devices. First the ITO and gold electrodes modified chemically with SAMs of porphyrins with a spacer of the same number of atoms were prepared to compare the effects of energy transfer (EN) quenching of the porphyrin excited singlet states by the two electrodes. Less EN quenching was observed on the ITO electrode as compared to the EN quenching on the corresponding gold electrode, leading to remarkable enhancement of the photocurrent generation (ca. 280 times) in the porphyrin SAMs on the ITO electrode in the presence of the triethanolamine (TEA) used as a sacrificial electron donor. The porphyrin (H2P) was then linked with C60 which can act as an electron acceptor to construct H2P-C60 SAMs on the ITO surface in the presence of hexyl viologen (HV2+) used as an electron carrier in a three electrode system, denoted as ITO/H2P-C60/HV2+/Pt. The quantum yield of the photocurrent generation of the ITO/H2P-C60/HV2+/Pt system (6.4%) is 30 times larger than that of the corresponding system without C60: ITO/H2P-ref/HV2+/Pt (0.21%). Such enhancement of photocurrent generation in the porphyrin-fullerene dyad system is ascribed to an efficient photoinduced ET from the porphyrin singlet excited state to the C60 moiety as indicated by the fluorescence lifetime measurements and also by time-resolved transient absorption studies on the ITO systems. The surface structures of H2P and H2P-C60 SAMs on ITO (H2P/ITO and H2P-C60/ITO) have been observed successfully in molecular resolution with atomic force microscopy for the first time.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0042868648&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0042868648&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/ja034913f

DO - 10.1021/ja034913f

M3 - Article

C2 - 15369370

AN - SCOPUS:0042868648

VL - 125

SP - 9129

EP - 9139

JO - Journal of the American Chemical Society

JF - Journal of the American Chemical Society

SN - 0002-7863

IS - 30

ER -