Physical and electrical characteristics of physical vapor-deposited tungsten for bit line process

Joo Wan Lee, Jun Ki Kim, Soo Hyun Kim, Ho Jung Sun, Hong Seon Yang, Hyunchul Sohn, Jin Woong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We attempted to explain the phenomenon that the electric resistivity of tungsten film increases as the thickness decreases and that physical vapor-deposited (PVD) tungsten shows a much lower resistivity than chemical vapor-deposited (CVD) tungsten. The crystallinity and electric conductivity of an under-layer does not affect the electric resistivity of tungsten film. The low resistivity of PVD tungsten originates from a large grain size. PVD tungsten with large grains is free from grain boundary scattering, while CVD tungsten with small grains exhibits grain boundary scattering. As film thickness decreases down to the mean free path of tungsten, the surface scattering effect surpasses the grain boundary scattering effect. Consequently, the resistivity of PVD and CVD tungsten becomes equal because surface scattering increases the resistivity of both large- and small-grained films. The same rule is adaptable for the resistance change of a narrow line structure. CVD tungsten shows a high resistance because of grain boundary scattering originating from a small grain size. However, if the line-width is reduced to the mean free path, grain boundary scattering disappears, making surface scattering only the factor that increases electric resistivity. Thus, CVD tungsten shows the same resistance as PVD tungsten in a very narrow line structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8007-8012
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Tungsten
tungsten
Vapors
vapors
electrical resistivity
Grain boundaries
scattering
Surface scattering
grain boundaries
Scattering
Electric conductivity
mean free path
grain size
high resistance
Linewidth
Film thickness
crystallinity
film thickness
conductivity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Lee, Joo Wan ; Kim, Jun Ki ; Kim, Soo Hyun ; Sun, Ho Jung ; Yang, Hong Seon ; Sohn, Hyunchul ; Kim, Jin Woong. / Physical and electrical characteristics of physical vapor-deposited tungsten for bit line process. In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers. 2004 ; Vol. 43, No. 12. pp. 8007-8012.
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Physical and electrical characteristics of physical vapor-deposited tungsten for bit line process. / Lee, Joo Wan; Kim, Jun Ki; Kim, Soo Hyun; Sun, Ho Jung; Yang, Hong Seon; Sohn, Hyunchul; Kim, Jin Woong.

In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers, Vol. 43, No. 12, 01.12.2004, p. 8007-8012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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