The lanthanum strontium titanate (LST) has to be calcined at significantly high temperature (above 1,300 C) to obtain its pure perovskite structure when synthesized by conventional solid-state method, which is main reason for reducing active surface area. In this study, A-site deficient (La 0.3Sr0.7)0.93TiO3 was synthesized by Pechini method. Although the prepared powders were calcined at 600 C, the pure perovskite structure can be obtained without any secondary phase such as TiO2. Moreover, the porosity and surface area are 6 times and one order of magnitude higher in the LST powders synthesized by Pechini method than in the powders synthesized by solid-state method. Based on these results, the LST electrode (Pechini) leads to two times lower electrode resistance than the LST electrode (solid-state). Thus, the LST powders synthesized by Pechini can contributes to saving the energy needed for calcination process as well as increasing the porosity and active surface area, enhancing physical and electrochemical properties in SOFC anode.
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Acknowledgments This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MEST) (NRF-2009-C1AAA001-2009-0092926).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry