A dissolving microneedle (DMN) patch encapsulated with ascorbic acid 2-glucoside (AA2G) in a needle-shaped hyaluronic acid (HA) backbone was fabricated and sterilized by electron beam (e-beam, 5–40 kGy) and gamma ray (γ-ray, 5–30 kGy). DMN structures maintained their morphologies and fracture force regardless of e-beam and γ-ray irradiation doses. Both e-beam (40 kGy) and γ-ray (20 and 30 kGy) met the product sterility requirements for cosmetics and vaccines; however, γ-ray irradiation significantly degraded the encapsulated AA2G, while e-beam maintained AA2G activity. Thus, an e-beam dose of 40 kGy, which satisfied the sterility requirements without loss of AA2G, is suitable for terminal sterilization of DMNs. Moreover, we confirmed that the optimized irradiation (e-beam, 40 kGy) did not affect dissolution rate and drug release profile of DMNs. Further, we confirmed that HA, the backbone polymer of DMNs, could be utilized as a stabilizer that inhibits degradation of encapsulated AA2G by irradiation. This detailed analysis can be developed further to optimize various biological drugs in transdermal drug delivery systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry