Physiological functions of the COPI complex in higher plants

Hee Kyung Ahn, Yong Won Kang, Hye Min Lim, Inhwan Hwan, Hyun Sook Pai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

COPI vesicles are essential to the retrograde transport of proteins in the early secretory pathway. The COPI coa-tomer complex consists of seven subunits, termed α-, β-, β'-, γ-, δ-, ε-, and ζ-COP, in yeast and mammals. Plant genomes have homologs of these subunits, but the essentiality of their cellular functions has hampered the functional characterization of the subunit genes in plants. Here we have employed virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) and dexamethasone (DEX)-inducible RNAi of the COPI subunit genes to study the in vivo functions of the COPI coatomer complex in plants. The β'-, γ-, and δ-COP subunits localized to the Golgi as GFP-fusion proteins and interacted with each other in the Golgi. Silencing of β'-,γ-, and δ-COP by VIGS resulted in growth arrest and acute plant death in Nicotiana benthamiana, with the affected leaf cells exhibiting morphological markers of programmed cell death. Depletion of the COPI subunits resulted in disruption of the Golgi structure and accumulation of autolysosome-like structures in earlier stages of gene silencing. In tobacco BY-2 cells, DEX-inducible RNAi of β'-COP caused aberrant cell plate formation during cytokinesis. Collectively, these results suggest that COPI vesicles are essential to plant growth and survival by maintaining the Golgi apparatus and modulating cell plate formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)866-875
Number of pages10
JournalMolecules and cells
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 2

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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