AIM: To analyse the optimal time cut-off for determining positivity of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in peripheral zone (PZ) prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of 89 patients with PZ PCa who had undergone diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and subtraction DCE MRI were included. An experienced reader visually analysed the earliest time after contrast medium injection to visualise the best contrast between an index tumour and normal PZ on DCE MRI (i.e., best contrast time). The best contrast time cut-off for clinically significant cancer (csPCa) according to Epstein criteria or International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade ≥2 was analysed by an experienced reader, and applied to a less-experienced reader. For the index lesion of DWI category 3, the added value of DCE MRI (increased true positive and negative rates of PI-RADSv2 for csPCa) was evaluated using the cut-off time. RESULTS: The best contrast time cut-off for csPCa was ≤72 seconds for Epstein criteria and ≤56 seconds for ISUP grade ≥2 by an experienced reader. The weighted kappa to determine positivity of DCE MRI was 0.622 for ≤72 seconds and 0.527 for ≤56 seconds between the two readers. The added value of DCE MRI was 55–75% by an experienced reader and 39.1–69.6% by a less-experienced reader. CONCLUSION: For interpreting PI-RADSv2, imaging findings within 60–72 seconds following contrast media injection seem to reliably determine positivity of DCE MRI in PZ, and have added value for detecting csPCa.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Royal College of Radiologists
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging