Pilot-scale bio-augmented aerobic composting of excavated foot-and-mouth disease carcasses

Seonghoon Kim, Hyeji Kwon, Suchan Park, Haeseong Jeon, Joon Kyu Park, Joonhong Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present work, we tested the validity of using novel, bio-augmented, aerobic composting with carcass-degrading microorganisms for the ex situ stabilization of carcasses at pilot scale with previously poorly decomposed carcasses excavated from a 3-year old burial site. The significantly decreased chemical oxygen demand (COD, 160,000 mg/kg to 40,000 mg/kg) and inorganic nitrogen species (total nitrogen, 5000 mg/kg to 2000 mg/kg) indicated effective bio-stabilization of carcasses by bio-augmented composting. The subsequent germination assays and the quantitative characterization of potentially pathogenic bacteria using NGS (next-generation sequencing) showed that the burial-composting sequential system with the carcass-degrading microorganisms and mechanical agitation successfully reduced plant toxicity as well as microbial risk to human health, suggesting that the composting by-product is suitable for farming or/and landfill use(s).

Original languageEnglish
Article number445
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 17

Fingerprint

foot and mouth disease
Composting
stabilization
composting
funeral
Disease
Microorganisms
Stabilization
microorganism
Nitrogen
demand
Chemical oxygen demand
inorganic nitrogen
Land fill
health
chemical oxygen demand
Byproducts
Toxicity
landfill
Assays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Kim, Seonghoon ; Kwon, Hyeji ; Park, Suchan ; Jeon, Haeseong ; Park, Joon Kyu ; Park, Joonhong. / Pilot-scale bio-augmented aerobic composting of excavated foot-and-mouth disease carcasses. In: Sustainability (Switzerland). 2017 ; Vol. 9, No. 3.
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Pilot-scale bio-augmented aerobic composting of excavated foot-and-mouth disease carcasses. / Kim, Seonghoon; Kwon, Hyeji; Park, Suchan; Jeon, Haeseong; Park, Joon Kyu; Park, Joonhong.

In: Sustainability (Switzerland), Vol. 9, No. 3, 445, 17.03.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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