Objectives: The soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) exerts a protective effect on the development of atherosclerotic vascular complications by inhibiting RAGE-mediated inflammatory response. In contrast, extracellular newly identified RAGE-binding protein (EN-RAGE) contributes to increased atherosclerosis as a pro-inflammatory ligand for RAGE. We determined the levels of sRAGE and EN-RAGE in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and evaluated their relationship with carotid atherosclerosis. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 91 PD patients and 29 control subjects. Carotid IMT (cIMT) and abdominal aortic vascular calcification score (VCS) were evaluated using high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography and plain radiographic film of the lateral abdomen. Results: Plasma sRAGE and EN-RAGE levels were more than twice as higher in PD patients compared to controls. EN-RAGE showed a strong positive correlation with serum high-sensitivity CRP (p= 0.007) and IL-6 (p= 0.002), whereas sRAGE was negatively associated with those inflammatory markers (p= 0.001, p= 0.031). Even after adjustments for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, both sRAGE and EN-RAGE were independently associated with cIMT (β= -0.230, p= 0.037, β= 0.155, p= 0.045) and VCS (β= -0.205, p= 0.049, β= 0.197, p= 0.156). Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that old age (OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.03-1.25, p= 0.009), presence of diabetes (OR 13.4, 95% CI: 1.20-150.18, p= 0.035) and elevated plasma EN-RAGE (OR 2.26, 95% CI.: 1.05-5.11, p= 0.048) were significant predictors for the occurrence of carotid atherosclerosis (cIMT > 1.0. mm and/or plaque formation). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that elevated plasma EN-RAGE and decreased sRAGE level could play a crucial role in systemic inflammation and carotid atherosclerosis in PD patients.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Jan|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine