Plasma periostin associates significantly with non-vertebral but not vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women: Clinical evidence for the different effects of periostin depending on the skeletal site

Beom Jun Kim, Yumie Rhee, Chong Hwa Kim, Ki Hyun Baek, Yong Ki Min, Deog Yoon Kim, Seong Hee Ahn, Hyeonmok Kim, Seung Hun Lee, Sun Young Lee, Moo Il Kang, Jung Min Koh

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Periostin is preferentially expressed by the periosteum, which mainly covers the long bones. Therefore, the role of periostin in osteoporotic fracture (OF) may differ depending on bone type. We performed a case-control study to investigate whether periostin can serve as a predictor of OF risk, particularly after dividing OFs into non-vertebral and vertebral fractures. Methods: Among 532 consecutive postmenopausal women not taking any drug or without any disease that could affect bone metabolism, 133 cases with OF (i.e., non-vertebral and/or vertebral fractures) and 133 age- and body mass index-matched controls were enrolled. Non-vertebral (i.e., forearm, humerus, hip, and pelvis; n = 81) and morphological vertebral (n = 62) fractures were identified by an interviewer-assisted questionnaire and lateral thoracolumbar radiographs, respectively. Bone mineral density (BMD) and plasma periostin levels were also measured. Results: Plasma periostin was markedly higher in subjects with non-vertebral fracture than their controls even after adjustment for BMD and potential confounders (P = 0.006). Each standard deviation increment of plasma periostin was associated with a multivariable-adjusted odds ratio of 1.59 for non-vertebral fracture. The odds for non-vertebral fracture were 2.48-fold higher in subjects in the highest periostin tertile compared with those in the lowest periostin tertile (95% confidence interval = 1.10-5.61). However, associations between plasma periostin and vertebral fracture were not observed, regardless of the adjustment model used. Consistently, plasma periostin levels were inversely associated with proximal femur BMD (P = 0.007 to 0.030) but not lumbar spine BMD. In subgroup analyses, plasma periostin had no correlation with the levels of classical bone turnover markers. Conclusions: Plasma periostin may be a potential biomarker of the risk of OF, especially in non-spinal skeletal sites, such as the limbs, rather than spine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-441
Number of pages7
JournalBone
Volume81
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Histology

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