Plasma/catalyst system for reduction of NOx in lean conditions

Hyeong Sang Lee, Kwang Min Chun, Seung Jin Song, Jae Hong Ryu, Dae Won Lee, Kwan Young Lee, Bae Hyeock Chun

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

NOx conversion to N2 was investigated by a plasma/catalyst system in rich oxygen similar to a lean-burn engine exhaust. Catalytic activity was enhanced by the assistance of plasma, and the plasma/catalyst system showed higher NOx conversion over a wider temperature window than did catalyst alone. The plasma/catalyst (Ag/Al2O3) system showed a remarkable improvement in NOx conversion in the lower temperature range under 400 °C. The NOx conversion of plasma/catalyst (Ag/Al2O3) was 40%-50%, and its selectivity to N2 was over 96% under the conditions that the hydrocarbon (C1 base) to NOx ratio was about 3 and 10% O2 existed over the temperature range of 300-500 °C. Ag/Al2O3 showed a better performance than Al2O3 when assisted by plasma. Helium was used as a balance gas to measure N2 formation by gas chromatography, and NOx conversion was measured by a chemiluminescence NOx analyzer in N2 balance as well as He balance. The result in N2 balance gas was compared with the result in helium balance gas at the 300 °C where the largest enhancement by plasma was observed. The NOx conversion in N2 balance gas was similar to that in helium balance gas, which verified that the plasma effect obtained in helium balance gas is consistent with that of N2 balance gas, which is the largest component of the real exhaust gas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1227-1232
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1
Event30th International Symposium on Combustion - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: 2004 Jul 252004 Jul 30

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Gases
Plasmas
catalysts
Helium
Catalysts
gases
helium
Vehicle Emissions
Exhaust systems (engine)
Chemiluminescence
real gases
exhaust gases
Hydrocarbons
Exhaust gases
chemiluminescence
Gas chromatography
Temperature
gas chromatography
Catalyst activity
engines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Lee, Hyeong Sang ; Chun, Kwang Min ; Song, Seung Jin ; Ryu, Jae Hong ; Lee, Dae Won ; Lee, Kwan Young ; Chun, Bae Hyeock. / Plasma/catalyst system for reduction of NOx in lean conditions. In: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. 2000 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 1227-1232.
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abstract = "NOx conversion to N2 was investigated by a plasma/catalyst system in rich oxygen similar to a lean-burn engine exhaust. Catalytic activity was enhanced by the assistance of plasma, and the plasma/catalyst system showed higher NOx conversion over a wider temperature window than did catalyst alone. The plasma/catalyst (Ag/Al2O3) system showed a remarkable improvement in NOx conversion in the lower temperature range under 400 °C. The NOx conversion of plasma/catalyst (Ag/Al2O3) was 40{\%}-50{\%}, and its selectivity to N2 was over 96{\%} under the conditions that the hydrocarbon (C1 base) to NOx ratio was about 3 and 10{\%} O2 existed over the temperature range of 300-500 °C. Ag/Al2O3 showed a better performance than Al2O3 when assisted by plasma. Helium was used as a balance gas to measure N2 formation by gas chromatography, and NOx conversion was measured by a chemiluminescence NOx analyzer in N2 balance as well as He balance. The result in N2 balance gas was compared with the result in helium balance gas at the 300 °C where the largest enhancement by plasma was observed. The NOx conversion in N2 balance gas was similar to that in helium balance gas, which verified that the plasma effect obtained in helium balance gas is consistent with that of N2 balance gas, which is the largest component of the real exhaust gas.",
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Plasma/catalyst system for reduction of NOx in lean conditions. / Lee, Hyeong Sang; Chun, Kwang Min; Song, Seung Jin; Ryu, Jae Hong; Lee, Dae Won; Lee, Kwan Young; Chun, Bae Hyeock.

In: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 28, No. 1, 01.01.2000, p. 1227-1232.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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T1 - Plasma/catalyst system for reduction of NOx in lean conditions

AU - Lee, Hyeong Sang

AU - Chun, Kwang Min

AU - Song, Seung Jin

AU - Ryu, Jae Hong

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AU - Lee, Kwan Young

AU - Chun, Bae Hyeock

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N2 - NOx conversion to N2 was investigated by a plasma/catalyst system in rich oxygen similar to a lean-burn engine exhaust. Catalytic activity was enhanced by the assistance of plasma, and the plasma/catalyst system showed higher NOx conversion over a wider temperature window than did catalyst alone. The plasma/catalyst (Ag/Al2O3) system showed a remarkable improvement in NOx conversion in the lower temperature range under 400 °C. The NOx conversion of plasma/catalyst (Ag/Al2O3) was 40%-50%, and its selectivity to N2 was over 96% under the conditions that the hydrocarbon (C1 base) to NOx ratio was about 3 and 10% O2 existed over the temperature range of 300-500 °C. Ag/Al2O3 showed a better performance than Al2O3 when assisted by plasma. Helium was used as a balance gas to measure N2 formation by gas chromatography, and NOx conversion was measured by a chemiluminescence NOx analyzer in N2 balance as well as He balance. The result in N2 balance gas was compared with the result in helium balance gas at the 300 °C where the largest enhancement by plasma was observed. The NOx conversion in N2 balance gas was similar to that in helium balance gas, which verified that the plasma effect obtained in helium balance gas is consistent with that of N2 balance gas, which is the largest component of the real exhaust gas.

AB - NOx conversion to N2 was investigated by a plasma/catalyst system in rich oxygen similar to a lean-burn engine exhaust. Catalytic activity was enhanced by the assistance of plasma, and the plasma/catalyst system showed higher NOx conversion over a wider temperature window than did catalyst alone. The plasma/catalyst (Ag/Al2O3) system showed a remarkable improvement in NOx conversion in the lower temperature range under 400 °C. The NOx conversion of plasma/catalyst (Ag/Al2O3) was 40%-50%, and its selectivity to N2 was over 96% under the conditions that the hydrocarbon (C1 base) to NOx ratio was about 3 and 10% O2 existed over the temperature range of 300-500 °C. Ag/Al2O3 showed a better performance than Al2O3 when assisted by plasma. Helium was used as a balance gas to measure N2 formation by gas chromatography, and NOx conversion was measured by a chemiluminescence NOx analyzer in N2 balance as well as He balance. The result in N2 balance gas was compared with the result in helium balance gas at the 300 °C where the largest enhancement by plasma was observed. The NOx conversion in N2 balance gas was similar to that in helium balance gas, which verified that the plasma effect obtained in helium balance gas is consistent with that of N2 balance gas, which is the largest component of the real exhaust gas.

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