To evaluate the anticarcinogenic activity of methanol extract of Pleurospermum kamtschaticum (PKE), we assessed its apoptosis-inducing capability in HT-29 colon carcinoma cells. PKE treatment for 2 h reduced cell viability in a dose-related manner, and induced apoptotic morphological changes. Flow cytometric analysis indicated that PKE treatment at 0.05 mg/ml induced early apoptosis in 66.2% of HT-29 cells. Additionally, Bcl-2 expression was substantially reduced in PKE-treated HT-29 cells, increasing the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. The protein levels of procaspase-9 and procaspase-3 were decreased markedly, reflecting caspase-9 and caspase-3 activation, and resulting PARP cleavage was noted in the PKE-treated HT-29 cells. Furthermore, we detected increased NAG-1 expression in the PKEtreated HT-29 cells. In an in vivo study, intraperitoneal PKE administration suppressed the formation of tumor nodules in the lungs of mice. These results indicate that PKE can serve as a beneficial supplement in the treatment and the prevention of colon cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry