Due to antimicrobial resistance and the adverse health effects that follow broad and inappropriate use of antibacterial agents, new classes of antibacterials with broad and strong bactericidal activity and safety for human use are urgently required globally, increasingly so with the onset of climate change. However, R&D in this field is known to be rarely profitable, unless a cost-effective, flexible, and convenient platform that ensures the production of workable candidate antibacterials can be developed. To address this issue, inorganic nanomaterials have been considered for their bactericidal activities, yet further investigations of composition crystalline modifications and/or surface biomaterial coatings are still required to provide effective and safe antibacterial nanoparticles. In this study, we developed a plug-in system comprising a spark plasma reactor and a flow heater under nitrogen gas flow to supply precursor inorganic nanoparticles (Cu-Te configuration) that can be modulated in-flight at different temperatures. From antibacterial and toxicological assays in both in vitro and in vivo models, bactericidal and toxicological profiles showed that the plug-in system-based platform can be used to identify key parameters for producing safe-by-design agents with antibacterial activity [>88% (in vitro) and >80% (in vivo) in antibacterial efficiency] and safety (>65% in in vitro viability and >60% in in vivo survival rate).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)