Polar cooling effect due to increase of phytoplankton and dimethyl-sulfide emission

Ah Hyun Kim, Seong Soo Yum, Hannah Lee, Dong Yeong Chang, Sungbo Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of increased dimethyl-sulfide (DMS) emissions due to increased marine phytoplankton activity are examined using an atmosphere-ocean coupled climate model. As the DMS emission flux from the ocean increases globally, large-scale cooling occurs due to the DMS-cloud condensation nuclei (CCN)-cloud albedo interactions. This cooling increases as DMS emissions are further increased, with the most pronounced effect occurring over the Arctic, which is likely associated with a change in sea-ice fraction as sea ice mediates the air-sea exchange of the radiation, moisture and heat flux. These results differ from recent studies that only considered the bio-physical feedback that led to amplified Arctic warming under greenhouse warming conditions. Therefore, climate negative feedback from DMS-CCN-cloud albedo interactions that involve marine phytoplankton and its impact on polar climate should be properly reflected in future climate models to better estimate climate change, especially over the polar regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number384
JournalAtmosphere
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 1

Fingerprint

sulfide
phytoplankton
cooling
cloud condensation nucleus
albedo
sea ice
climate modeling
warming
climate feedback
moisture flux
ocean
polar region
heat flux
effect
climate change
atmosphere
air
climate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Kim, Ah Hyun ; Yum, Seong Soo ; Lee, Hannah ; Chang, Dong Yeong ; Shim, Sungbo. / Polar cooling effect due to increase of phytoplankton and dimethyl-sulfide emission. In: Atmosphere. 2018 ; Vol. 9, No. 10.
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Polar cooling effect due to increase of phytoplankton and dimethyl-sulfide emission. / Kim, Ah Hyun; Yum, Seong Soo; Lee, Hannah; Chang, Dong Yeong; Shim, Sungbo.

In: Atmosphere, Vol. 9, No. 10, 384, 01.10.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kim, Ah Hyun

AU - Yum, Seong Soo

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AU - Chang, Dong Yeong

AU - Shim, Sungbo

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AB - The effects of increased dimethyl-sulfide (DMS) emissions due to increased marine phytoplankton activity are examined using an atmosphere-ocean coupled climate model. As the DMS emission flux from the ocean increases globally, large-scale cooling occurs due to the DMS-cloud condensation nuclei (CCN)-cloud albedo interactions. This cooling increases as DMS emissions are further increased, with the most pronounced effect occurring over the Arctic, which is likely associated with a change in sea-ice fraction as sea ice mediates the air-sea exchange of the radiation, moisture and heat flux. These results differ from recent studies that only considered the bio-physical feedback that led to amplified Arctic warming under greenhouse warming conditions. Therefore, climate negative feedback from DMS-CCN-cloud albedo interactions that involve marine phytoplankton and its impact on polar climate should be properly reflected in future climate models to better estimate climate change, especially over the polar regions.

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