This study presents the micro-Doppler signature (MDS) of small drones based on resonance phenomena. The MDS analysis of a drone is conducted for various detection conditions. The Doppler frequencies due to the rotation of rotor blades, characterized by different materials and dimensions, are extracted at specific angular frequencies. It is confirmed that the resonance phenomenon caused by the copper-coated conducting rotor blade significantly affects the Doppler frequency. As the rotor blade dimension increases, the resonance effect moves to a lower frequency band. It is interesting to note that the resonance effect of horizontal to horizontal (HH) polarization occurs in a lower frequency band compared to vertical to vertical (VV) polarization. Additionally, it is performed in a monostatic and bistatic radar environment to analyze the resonance effect. The theoretical analysis based on full-wave simulation is confirmed via measurements with frequency-modulation continuous wave (FMCW) radar.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a [grant number 19SCIP-B146646-02] from Construction Technology Research Project funded by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korea government.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering