Space-borne Earth observation technique is one of the most cost effective and rapidly advancing Earth science technological research tools today and the micro-wave radar applications have been leading the discipline. The new Earth observation satellites ENVISAT (launched on March 1 2002, specifically for Earth environment observation), ALOS (planned for launching in 2004 and stands for Advanced Land Observation Satellite), and RADARSAT-II (planned for launching in 2004) all have synthetic aperture radar (SAR) onboard, which all have partial or fully polarimetric imaging capabilities. In addition to the radar altimeter and scatterometer, these new types of polarimetric imaging radars are opening up completely new possibilities in Earth system science research. The main advantage of a SAR system is the all weather imaging capability without Sun light and the newly developed interferometric capabilities, utilizing the phase information in SAR data further extends the observation capabilities of directional surface covers and neotectonic surface displacements. In addition, if one can utilize the newly available multiple frequency polarimetric information, the new generation of spaceborne SAR systems is the future research tool for Earth observation and global environmental change monitoring investigation. In preparation of the up-coming new generation of satellites ENVISAT, ALOS, and RADARSAT-II, the Korean scientists and engineers planned the PACRIM-II experiment with NASA(JPL) AIRSAR/MASTER team and carried out multi-disciplinary experiments in the fall of 2000, followed by extensive ground truth field work. The main sensors being utilized included the fully polarimetric SAR systems capable of routine imaging as well as both coss- and along-track interferometry, selectively in three frequencies (C-, L-, and P-bands). The newly added MASTER simulator was a hyperspectral optical imaging system with spectral windows duplicating the MODIS and ASTER multispectral imaging systems. The participating science and engineering disciplines include EM engineering, communication technology, image processing, meteorology, forestry, archeology, geology, environment, natural disaster monitoring and management, geohydrology, agriculture, fishery, coastal changes and oceanography. The geodynamic applications being investigated with the multiple frequency fully polarimetric AIRSAR data include precise generation of digital elevation model (DEM), development of multi-temporal differential cross-track SAR interferometry, and surface geological mapping without look-direction bias.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Yeosu Transect was the only MASTER study area. There were also several areas where MASTER data were to be acquired as an option. The PACRIM-II Korea teams are made of scientists and engineers from twelve universities and four research institutions, including Korean Aerospace Research Institute (KARI), Korean Meteorological Agency (KMA), Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (KORDI), and National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology (NIAST). The science and engineering research objectives proposed in the PACRIM-II Korea Campaign include agriculture (crop monitoring), forestry (land cover classification), geology (environmental monitoring of mine tailing problems), oceanography (currents and waves), meteo-
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: The PACRIM-II Korea mission team sincerely thanks the NASA(JPL) AIRSAR scientists and the JPL DC-8 air crew for the success of this project. The PACRIM-II Korea AIRSAR Transect experiments were funded by each participant with their own research grants. The (W.M. Moon) portion of the total PACRIM-II Korea funding was supported by the SNU Interdisciplinary Collaborative Research Grant (2000). Some of the administrative chores and financial matters were administered by School of Earth and Environmental Sciences (SEES) (BK21), Seoul National University. Some of the expenses incurred by W.M. Moon during this experiment were partially funded by NSERC of Canada operating grant (A-7400) (2000).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science(all)
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)