Recently, there have been various attempts to demonstrate the feasibility of transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) transistors for digital logic circuits. A complementary inverter circuit, which is a basic building block of a logic circuit, was implemented in earlier works by heterogeneously integrating n- and p-channel transistors fabricated on different TMD materials. Subsequently, to simplify the circuit design and fabrication process, complementary inverters were constructed on single-TMD materials using ambipolar transistors. However, continuous transition from the electron-conduction to the hole-conduction state in the ambipolar devices led to the problem of a high leakage current. Here, we report a polarity-controllable TMD transistor that can operate as both an n- and a p-channel transistor with a low leakage current of a few picoamperes. The device polarity can be switched simply by converting the sign of the drain voltage. This is because a metal-like tungsten ditelluride (WTe2) with a low carrier concentration is used as a drain contact, which subsequently allows selective carrier injection at the palladium/tungsten diselenide (WSe2) junction. In addition, by using the operating principle of the polarity-controllable transistor, we demonstrate a complementary inverter circuit on a single TMD channel material (WSe2), which exhibits a very low static power consumption of a few hundred picowatts. Finally, we confirm the expandability of this polarity-controllable transistor toward more complex logic circuits by presenting the proper operation of a three-stage ring oscillator.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)