Policies for alcohol restriction and their association with interpersonal violence

A time-series analysis of homicides in Cali, Colombia

Álvaro I. Sánchez, Andrés Villaveces, Robert T. Krafty, Taeyoung Park, Harold B. Weiss, Anthony Fabio, Juan Carlos Puyana, María I. Gutiérrez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cali, Colombia, has a high incidence of interpersonal violence deaths. Various alcohol control policies have been implemented to reduce alcohol-related problems. The objective of this study was to determine whether different alcohol control policies were associated with changes in the incidence rate of homicides. Methods: Ecologic study conducted during 2004-08 using a time-series design. Policies were implemented with variations in hours of restriction of sales and consumption of alcohol. Most restrictive policies prohibited alcohol between 2 a.m. and 10 a.m. for 446 non-consecutive days. Moderately restrictive policies prohibited alcohol between 3 a.m. and 10 a.m. for 1277 non-consecutive days. Lax policies prohibited alcohol between 4 a.m. and 10 a.m. for 104 non-consecutive days. In conditional autoregressive negative binomial regressions, rates of homicides and unintentional injury deaths (excluding traffic events) were compared between different periods of days when different policies were in effect. Results: There was an increased risk of homicides in periods when the moderately restrictive policies were in effect compared with periods when the most restrictive policies were in effect [incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.15, 90% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-1.26, P=0.012], and there was an even higher risk of homicides in periods when the lax policies were in effect compared with periods when the most restrictive policies were in effect (IRR 1.42, 90% CI 1.26-1.61, P<0.001). Less restrictive policies were not associated with increased risk of unintentional injury deaths. Conclusion: Extended hours of sales and consumption of alcohol were associated with increased risk of homicides. Strong restrictions on alcohol availability could reduce the incidence of interpersonal violence events in communities where homicides are high. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdyr051
Pages (from-to)1037-1046
Number of pages10
JournalInternational journal of epidemiology
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Colombia
Homicide
Violence
Alcohols
Incidence
Alcohol Drinking
Confidence Intervals
Wounds and Injuries

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Sánchez, Álvaro I. ; Villaveces, Andrés ; Krafty, Robert T. ; Park, Taeyoung ; Weiss, Harold B. ; Fabio, Anthony ; Puyana, Juan Carlos ; Gutiérrez, María I. / Policies for alcohol restriction and their association with interpersonal violence : A time-series analysis of homicides in Cali, Colombia. In: International journal of epidemiology. 2011 ; Vol. 40, No. 4. pp. 1037-1046.
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abstract = "Background: Cali, Colombia, has a high incidence of interpersonal violence deaths. Various alcohol control policies have been implemented to reduce alcohol-related problems. The objective of this study was to determine whether different alcohol control policies were associated with changes in the incidence rate of homicides. Methods: Ecologic study conducted during 2004-08 using a time-series design. Policies were implemented with variations in hours of restriction of sales and consumption of alcohol. Most restrictive policies prohibited alcohol between 2 a.m. and 10 a.m. for 446 non-consecutive days. Moderately restrictive policies prohibited alcohol between 3 a.m. and 10 a.m. for 1277 non-consecutive days. Lax policies prohibited alcohol between 4 a.m. and 10 a.m. for 104 non-consecutive days. In conditional autoregressive negative binomial regressions, rates of homicides and unintentional injury deaths (excluding traffic events) were compared between different periods of days when different policies were in effect. Results: There was an increased risk of homicides in periods when the moderately restrictive policies were in effect compared with periods when the most restrictive policies were in effect [incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.15, 90{\%} confidence interval (CI) 1.05-1.26, P=0.012], and there was an even higher risk of homicides in periods when the lax policies were in effect compared with periods when the most restrictive policies were in effect (IRR 1.42, 90{\%} CI 1.26-1.61, P<0.001). Less restrictive policies were not associated with increased risk of unintentional injury deaths. Conclusion: Extended hours of sales and consumption of alcohol were associated with increased risk of homicides. Strong restrictions on alcohol availability could reduce the incidence of interpersonal violence events in communities where homicides are high. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association",
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Policies for alcohol restriction and their association with interpersonal violence : A time-series analysis of homicides in Cali, Colombia. / Sánchez, Álvaro I.; Villaveces, Andrés; Krafty, Robert T.; Park, Taeyoung; Weiss, Harold B.; Fabio, Anthony; Puyana, Juan Carlos; Gutiérrez, María I.

In: International journal of epidemiology, Vol. 40, No. 4, dyr051, 01.08.2011, p. 1037-1046.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - A time-series analysis of homicides in Cali, Colombia

AU - Sánchez, Álvaro I.

AU - Villaveces, Andrés

AU - Krafty, Robert T.

AU - Park, Taeyoung

AU - Weiss, Harold B.

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AU - Gutiérrez, María I.

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N2 - Background: Cali, Colombia, has a high incidence of interpersonal violence deaths. Various alcohol control policies have been implemented to reduce alcohol-related problems. The objective of this study was to determine whether different alcohol control policies were associated with changes in the incidence rate of homicides. Methods: Ecologic study conducted during 2004-08 using a time-series design. Policies were implemented with variations in hours of restriction of sales and consumption of alcohol. Most restrictive policies prohibited alcohol between 2 a.m. and 10 a.m. for 446 non-consecutive days. Moderately restrictive policies prohibited alcohol between 3 a.m. and 10 a.m. for 1277 non-consecutive days. Lax policies prohibited alcohol between 4 a.m. and 10 a.m. for 104 non-consecutive days. In conditional autoregressive negative binomial regressions, rates of homicides and unintentional injury deaths (excluding traffic events) were compared between different periods of days when different policies were in effect. Results: There was an increased risk of homicides in periods when the moderately restrictive policies were in effect compared with periods when the most restrictive policies were in effect [incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.15, 90% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-1.26, P=0.012], and there was an even higher risk of homicides in periods when the lax policies were in effect compared with periods when the most restrictive policies were in effect (IRR 1.42, 90% CI 1.26-1.61, P<0.001). Less restrictive policies were not associated with increased risk of unintentional injury deaths. Conclusion: Extended hours of sales and consumption of alcohol were associated with increased risk of homicides. Strong restrictions on alcohol availability could reduce the incidence of interpersonal violence events in communities where homicides are high. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association

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