Background: POLTERGEIST (POL) and POL-LIKE1 (PLL1) encoding related protein phosphatase 2Cs are essential for the establishment of both shoot and root meristems during embryogenesis. As the strong pol pll1 are seedling-lethal due to the lack of hypocotyl vasculature, the roles of POL/PLL1 for the post-embryonic development is difficult to be assessed. Objective: To prepare a weak pol pll1 double mutant that are able to produce post-embryonic organs. Methods: Several T-DNA insertion mutants of pll1 were crossed to pol-6 for the preparation of weak pol pll1. To understand the epistatic interactions between POL/PLL1 and CLAVATAs, the phenotypes of clvs pol pll1 were assessed and the expression patterns of stem cell markers were examined in pol pll1. POLpro:PLL1-GFP expression was examined during the embryogenesis with confocal microscopy. Results: We isolated a pll1-3 (S544N) allele and prepared a weak pol-6 pll1-3. About 5% of pol-6 pll1-3 seedlings continued the post-embryonic development displaying short roots with reduced root meristem, wuschel-like adventitious phyllotaxis, and defective flowers lacking carpel. The clv1, clv2, and clv3 phenotypes led by enlarged shoot meristems were almost completely suppressed in the pol-6 pll1-3. POL/PLL1 were required for the indeterminate floral organ development displayed by agamous. PLL1-GFP asymmetrically localized in the shootward sides of columella cells and increased the size of distal root meristem region by enhancing the WUS-RELATED HOMEOBOX 5 expression suggesting that PLL1 might provide the stem cells and progenies with proper positional information for the asymmetric cell divisions. Conclusion: Together, POL/PLL1 are required for the maintenance of stem cell pools for the post-embryonic development in Arabidopsis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology