Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk-fill resin composites and highly filled flowable resin

J. H. Jang, Sungho Park, I. N. Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the polymerization behavior and depth of cure (DOC) of recently introduced resin composites for posterior use: highly filled flowable composite and composites for bulk fill. A highly filled flowable (G- Aenial Universal Flo [GUF]), two bulk-fill flowables (Surefil SDR Flow [SDR] and Venus Bulk fill [VBF]), and a bulkfill nonflowable composite (Tetric N-Ceram Bulk fill [TBF]) were compared with two conventional composites (Tetric Flow [TF], Filtek Supreme Ultra [FS]). Linear polymerization shrinkage and polymerization shrinkage stress were each measured with custom-made devices. To evaluate DOC, the composite specimen was prepared using a mold with a hole of 4 mm depth and 4 mm internal diameter. The hole was bulk filled with each of the six composites and light cured for 20 seconds, followed by 24 hours of water storage. The surface hardness was measured on the top and the bottom using a Vickers microhardness (HV) indenter. The linear polymerization shrinkage of the composite specimens after photo-initiation decreased in the following order: TF and GUF . VBF . SDR . FS and TBF (p,0.05). The polymerization shrinkage stress of the six composite groups decreased in the following order: GUF . TF and VBF . SDR . FS and TBF (p,0.05). The mean bottom surface HV of SDR and VBF exceeded 80% of the top surface HV (HV-80%). However, the bottom of GUF and TBF failed to reach HV80%. A highly filled flowable (GUF) revealed limitations in polymerization shrinkage and DOC. Bulk-fill flowables (SDR and VBF) were properly cured in 4-mm bulk, but they shrank more than the conventional nonflowable composite. A bulk-fill nonflowable (TBF) showed comparable shrinkage to the conventional nonflowable composite, but it was not sufficiently cured in the 4-mm bulk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-180
Number of pages9
JournalOperative Dentistry
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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Venus
Composite Resins
Polymerization
Hardness
Fungi
Light
Equipment and Supplies
Water
tetric flow composite resin
Filtek Supreme Ultra

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk-fill resin composites and highly filled flowable resin",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to evaluate the polymerization behavior and depth of cure (DOC) of recently introduced resin composites for posterior use: highly filled flowable composite and composites for bulk fill. A highly filled flowable (G- Aenial Universal Flo [GUF]), two bulk-fill flowables (Surefil SDR Flow [SDR] and Venus Bulk fill [VBF]), and a bulkfill nonflowable composite (Tetric N-Ceram Bulk fill [TBF]) were compared with two conventional composites (Tetric Flow [TF], Filtek Supreme Ultra [FS]). Linear polymerization shrinkage and polymerization shrinkage stress were each measured with custom-made devices. To evaluate DOC, the composite specimen was prepared using a mold with a hole of 4 mm depth and 4 mm internal diameter. The hole was bulk filled with each of the six composites and light cured for 20 seconds, followed by 24 hours of water storage. The surface hardness was measured on the top and the bottom using a Vickers microhardness (HV) indenter. The linear polymerization shrinkage of the composite specimens after photo-initiation decreased in the following order: TF and GUF . VBF . SDR . FS and TBF (p,0.05). The polymerization shrinkage stress of the six composite groups decreased in the following order: GUF . TF and VBF . SDR . FS and TBF (p,0.05). The mean bottom surface HV of SDR and VBF exceeded 80{\%} of the top surface HV (HV-80{\%}). However, the bottom of GUF and TBF failed to reach HV80{\%}. A highly filled flowable (GUF) revealed limitations in polymerization shrinkage and DOC. Bulk-fill flowables (SDR and VBF) were properly cured in 4-mm bulk, but they shrank more than the conventional nonflowable composite. A bulk-fill nonflowable (TBF) showed comparable shrinkage to the conventional nonflowable composite, but it was not sufficiently cured in the 4-mm bulk.",
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Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk-fill resin composites and highly filled flowable resin. / Jang, J. H.; Park, Sungho; Hwang, I. N.

In: Operative Dentistry, Vol. 40, No. 2, 01.01.2015, p. 172-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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