In this study, poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC) and exfoliated graphite (PPC-EG) composites were prepared by the solution blending method and their selective extraction and detection of gold(III) were investigated. Specifically, a new effective adsorbent was developed for a selective extraction and determination of gold(III) by use of inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The selectivity of PPC (PPC-EG 0.5, PPC-EG 1, PPC-EG 2, PPC-EG 3 and PPC-EG 5) was investigated toward several metal ions, including Au(III), Cd(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Hg(II), Pb(II), Pd(II) and Zn(II). Based on selectivity and pH studies, Au(III) was the most quantitatively adsorbed on PPC-EG 0.5 phase at pH 2, indicating that PPC-EG 0.5 was the most selective toward Au(III) among other metal ions. The adsorption isotherm followed the Langmuir model with adsorption capacity of 157.61 mg g-1 of PPC-EG 0.5 for Au(III), which was in agreement with experimental data of adsorption isotherm study. The kinetic of adsorption for Au(III) was investigated by a pseudo-first- and second-order models. Results of kinetic models displayed that the adsorption of Au(III) on the PPC-EG 0.5 phase obeyed a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. In addition, results of thermodynamic investigation demonstrated that the adsorption mechanism of PPC-EG 0.5 toward Au(III) was a general spontaneous process and favourable.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This project was funded by the Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research (CEAMR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, under Grant no. CEAMR-SG-7-435.
© Indian Academy of Sciences.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials