This paper outlines research on polyurethane (PU) nanowebs with enhanced electrical conductivity by applying single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with silver nanowire (AgNW) for use as a textile sensor. The objectives of this study are as follows: (1) to find out how electrical conductivity changed as the amount of SWCNT dispersion increased; (2) to investigate how electrical conductivity improved as the amount of AgNW dispersion increased; (3) to examine the effect of heat post-treatment and ethanol pre-treatment on the conductivity; and (4) to characterize the surface and chemical properties to verify whether the specimens were successfully treated with SWCNTs and AgNW. The PU nanoweb was treated with three different amounts of SWCNT dispersion by using the dip-coating method, and three different amounts of AgNW dispersion was mixed with SWCNT dispersion to increase electrical conductivity. The electrical resistance was analyzed by four-point probe equipment. The surface and chemical properties were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution X-ray diffraction, Raman, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis. As a result, the resistance decreased when the amount of SWCNT dispersion increased. However, the resistance increased as the amount of AgNW dispersion increased. After the heat and ethanol treatments, the resistance reduced rapidly so that specimens SA1-H, SA1-E, and SA1-HE had much lower resistance. The results of surface and chemical properties showed that the SWCNT and AgNW formed electrical networks, which might improve electrical properties. Also, it confirmed the presence of the SWCNT and AgNW, which meant that the conductive materials were successfully coated on the PU nanoweb.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (No. NRF-2016R1A2B4014668) and the Brain Korea 21 Plus Project of the Department of Clothing and Textiles, Yonsei University in 2018. This work was also supported (in part) by the Yonsei University Research Fund(Yonsei Frontier Lab. Young Researcher Supporting Program) of 2018.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Polymers and Plastics