Porous organic frameworks (POFs), a general term for covalent-organic frameworks (COFs), covalent triazine frameworks (CTFs), porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs), etc., are constructed from organic building monomers with strong covalent bonds and have generated great interest among researchers. The remarkable features, such as large surface areas, permanent porosity, high thermal and chemical stability, and convenient functionalization, promote the great potential of POFs in diverse applications. A critical overview of the important development in the design and synthesis of COFs, CTFs, and PAFs is provided and their state-of-the-art applications in analytical chemistry are discussed. POFs and their functional composites have been explored as advanced materials in “turn-off” or “turn-on” fluorescence detection and novel stationary phases for chromatographic separation, as well as a promising adsorbent for sample preparation methods. In addition, the prospects for the synthesis and utilization of POFs in analytical chemistry are also presented. These prospects can offer an outlook and reference for further study of the applications of POFs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Australian Research Council (ARC) Future Fellow (FT150100479), JSPS KAKENHI (17H05393 and 17K19044), and the research fund by the Suzuken Memorial Foundation. S.Z. would like to thank the financial support of the Program of Study Abroad for Young Teachers by Hebei Agricultural University, the Youth Top-notch Talent Foundation of Hebei Provincial Universities (Grant No. BJ2018024), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (Grant No. C2017204019), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 31571925 and 31671930). X.L. acknowledges the support of the Taishan Scholar Program of Shandong Province of China (ts20110829).
© 2018 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)