Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), a well-known marker of hepatobiliary and bone disorders, has recently been discovered to be a biochemical marker of cardiometabolic diseases and chronic low-grade inflammation. We aimed to evaluate the association of serum ALP level with knee osteoarthritis in the general population. The study included 3060 men and women aged ≥50 years who participated in the 2009–2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The participants were categorized into three groups based on log-transformed serum ALP level as follows: T1 (1.74–2.32), T2 (2.33–2.43), and T3 (2.44–3.01). Their radiographs were evaluated by two well-trained radiologists using the Kellgren–Lawrence (KL) grading system. After excluding those with KL Grade 0, we categorized the remaining participants into two groups, a severe osteoarthritis group (KL Grade 4) and a non-severe osteoarthritis group (KL Grades 1 to 3). The odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of severe osteoarthritis according to the tertiles of log-transformed serum ALP levels of patients with osteoarthritis were calculated using a weighted multivariate logistic regression analysis. Compared with T1, the adjusted ORs (95% CIs) for severe osteoarthritis of the T3 serum ALP group was 1.613 (1.087–2.394; p = 0.018) after adjusting for the confounding variables. Conclusively, serum ALP activity was independently and positively associated with severe knee osteoarthritis in middle-aged and older adults.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry