We examined the effect of high fat oral nutritional supplement (HFS) on the nutritional status, oral intake, and serum metabolites of postoperative pancreaticobiliary cancer patients. Pancreaticobiliary cancer patients were voluntarily recruited. The HFS group received postoperative oral high fat supplementation (80% of total calories from fat; n = 12) until discharge; the control group (non-HFS; n = 9) received none. Dietary intake, anthropometry, blood chemistry, nutritional risk index (NRI), and serum metabolites analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry were evaluated. Overall, cumulative caloric supply via parental and oral/enteral routes were not different between groups. However, oral fat intake, caloric intake, and NRI scores of the HFS group were higher than those of the non-HFS group with increased oral meal consumption. Oral caloric, fat, and meal intakes correlated with NRI scores. Metabolomics analysis identified 195 serum metabolites pre-discharge. Oral fat intake was correlated with 42 metabolites relevant to the glycerophospholipid pathway. Oral high fat-specific upregulation of sphingomyelin (d18:1/24:1), a previously reported pancreatic cancer-downregulated metabolite, and lysophosphatidylcholine (16:0) were associated with NRI scores. Provision of HFS in postoperative pancreatic cancer patients may facilitate the recovery of postoperative health status by increasing oral meal intake, improving nutritional status, and modulating serum metabolites
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by the Korea Institute of Planning and Evaluation for Technology in Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (IPET) through the High Value‐added Food Technology Development Program, funded by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA) (grant number: 316055‐03‐2‐ HD030).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Nutrition and Dietetics