Objective: NADPH oxidase is potentially associated with acute pancreatitis by producing reactive oxygen species (ROS). We investigated whether NADPH oxidase mediates the activation of Janus kinase (Jak)2/signal transducers and activators of transcription (Stat)3 and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) to induce the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in cerulein-stimulated pancreatic acinar cells. Treatment: AR42J cells were treated with an NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) or a Jak2 inhibitor AG490. Other cells were transfected with antisense or sense oligonucleotides (AS or S ODNs) for NADPH oxidase subunit p22phox or p47phox. Methods: TGF-β1 was determined by enzyme-linked immonosorbent assay. STAT3-DNA binding activity was measured by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Levels of MAPKs as well as total and phospho-specific forms of Jak1/Stat3 were assessed by Western blot analysis. Results: Cerulein induced increases in TGF-β1, Stat3-DNA binding activity and the activation of MAPKs in AR42J cells. AG490 suppressed these cerulein-induced changes, similar to inhibition by DPI. Cerulein-induced activation of Jak2/Stat3 and increases in MAPKs and TGF-β1 levels were inhibited in the cells transfected with AS ODN for p22phox and p47phox compared to S ODN controls. Conclusion: Inhibition of NADPH oxidase may be beneficial for prevention and treatment of pancreatitis by suppressing Jak2/Stat3 and MAPKs and expression of TGF-β1 in pancreatic acinar cells.
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