This study investigated carbon contamination in U-10wt.%Zr metallic fuel in the casting process based on the interaction between the U-Zr alloy melt and the Y2O3-plasma-spray-coated graphite. During the injection casting of U-10wt.%Zr, a ZrC reaction layer was found to form at the interface between the U-Zr melt and the Y2O3-plasma-coated graphite crucible. ZrC inclusions were also found in the matrix of the melt residue. This C contamination, evidenced by the formation of ZrC, is attributed to the migration of C through the Y2O3 coating from the graphite crucible. The results of TGA experiments using a Y2O3-plasma-coated graphite sample suggest that CO is produced by a reaction between Y2O3 and graphite at temperatures above 1773 K, which then migrates through defects in the coating to react with Zr in the U-Zr melt.
|Journal||Journal of Nuclear Materials|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Apr 15|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Nuclear Research and Development Program of the National Research Foundation Grant funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT in Korea ( NRF-2017M2A8A5014889 ).
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Materials Science(all)
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering