Power Smoothing of a Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generator in Association With the Rotor-Speed-Dependent Gain

Yeonhee Kim, Moses Kang, Eduard Muljadi, Jung Wook Park, Yong Cheol Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a power-smoothing scheme for a variable-speed wind turbine generator (WTG) that can smooth out the WTG's fluctuating power caused by varying wind speeds, and thereby keep the system frequency within a narrow range. The proposed scheme employs an additional loop based on the system frequency deviation that operates in conjunction with the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control loop. Unlike the conventional, fixed-gain scheme, its control gain is modified with the rotor speed. In the proposed scheme, the control gain is determined by considering the ratio of the output of the additional loop to that of the MPPT loop. To improve the contribution of the scheme toward maintaining the frequency while ensuring the stable operation of WTGs, in the low rotor speed region, the ratio is set to be proportional to the rotor speed; in the high rotor speed region, the ratio remains constant. The performance of the proposed scheme is investigated under varying wind conditions for the IEEE 14-bus system. The simulation results demonstrate that the scheme successfully operates regardless of the output power fluctuation of a WTG by adjusting the gain with the rotor speed, and thereby improves the frequency-regulating capability of a WTG.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7781022
Pages (from-to)990-999
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this