Both the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta gene (PPARD) and malondialdehyde plasma concentrations may play a role in impaired glucose metabolism. The aim of this work was to determine whether PPARD is a candidate gene for impaired fasting glucose or type 2 diabetes and whether a particular genetic variant shows association with plasma malondialdehyde levels. Among the 10 single-nucleotide polymorphisms that were most strongly associated with malondialdehyde, the rs7770619 polymorphism in PPARD was analysed in 1798 subjects with normal fasting glucose, impaired fasting glucose and newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. Our data demonstrate that the CT genotype of the rs7770619 is associated with a lower risk of impaired fasting glucose or type 2 diabetes together with lower plasma levels of malondialdehyde in both groups (p < 0.05). Glucose levels and the rs7770619 are significantly associated in individuals with normal fasting glucose, and a trend towards an association between glucose levels and rs7770619 is also observed in individuals with impaired fasting glucose or type 2 diabetes. In conclusion, PPARD rs7770619 is a novel candidate variant for impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes and shows association with malondialdehyde levels. Future work is required to understand the mechanisms for these associations and the clinical implications of our findings.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine