In both academia and industry, multi-user multiple-input single-output (MU-MISO) techniques have shown enormous gains in spectral efficiency by exploiting spatial degrees of freedom. So far, an underlying assumption in most of the existing MU-MISO design has been that all the users use infinite blocklength, so that they can achieve the Shannon capacity. This setup, however, is not suitable considering delay-constrained users whose blocklength tends to be finite. In this paper, we consider a heterogeneous setting in MU-MISO systems where delay-constrained users and delay-tolerant users coexist, called a DCTU-MISO network. To maximize the sum spectral efficiency in this system, we present the spectral efficiency for delay-tolerant users and provide a lower bound of the spectral efficiency for delay-constrained users. We consider an optimization problem that maximizes the sum spectral efficiency of delay-tolerant users while satisfying the latency constraint of delay-constrained users, and propose a generalized power iteration (GPI) precoding algorithm that finds a principal precoding vector. Furthermore, we extend a DCTU-MISO network to the multiple time slots scenario and propose a recursive GPI precoding algorithm. In simulation results, we validate proposed methods outperform baseline schemes and present the effect of network parameters on the average sum spectral efficiency.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Jul 1|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2002-2012 IEEE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics