Predelithiation-driven ultrastable Na-ion battery performance using Si,P-rich ternary M-Si-P anodes

Mahboobeh Nazarian-Samani, Masoud Nazarian-Samani, Safa Haghighat-Shishavan, Kwang Bum Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The sluggish reaction kinetics of Si with Na restricts its efficient use as an anode in Na-ion batteries (NIBs). In this study, a general predelithiation approach was implemented for the first time to fully exploit the advantages of ternary Si,P-simultaneously-rich M-Si-P anodes for an ultrastable NIB performance. Two CoSi3P3 and FeSi4P4 intermetallics in hybrids with carbon nanotubes were predelithiated and subsequently employed as NIB anodes with an optimized electrolyte, delivering a high initial capacity and Coulombic efficiency (581 mAh g−1 and ⁓80% at 50 mA g−1, respectively), exceptional cyclic stability (>300 cycles at 200 mA g−1), and improved rate capability. The predelithiation generated a thin F-rich inorganic solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) film, and the optimized NIB electrolyte formed additional stable organic/inorganic SEI compounds on the outermost section of the active materials, causing reversible NaxSi/Na3P formation/decomposition reactions, reconstructing CoSi3P3/FeSi4P4 nanocrystals during charging, preventing the aggregation and coarsening of transition metals, and tolerating severe volume changes. This study demonstrated predelithiation as a promising strategy for the application of Si-rich anodes in NIBs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-432
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy Storage Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was financially supported by the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy (MOTIE), Korea, under the “Cooperation program for regional leading industrial complexes”.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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