Predicting the performance and NOx emissions of a turbocharged spark-ignition engine generator fueled with biogases and hydrogen addition under down-boosting condition

Jungsoo Park, Soonho Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The characteristics of an engine generator fueled with methane-based biogas and its blend with hydrogen (H2) were numerically investigated using a one-dimensional cycle simulation and the fractional factorial design of experiment method. Based on the experimental results, the numerical model was validated and calibrated under various excess air ratio (EAR), boost pressure, spark timing, and biogas composition conditions. The conventional and current optimization methods, maximum brake torque (MBT), and minimum input fuel (MIF) conditions, were compared in terms of engine performance, NOx emission, and generating efficiency. Under MBT conditions, although higher torque and mass fraction burned (MFB) could be achieved, boosting degradation was evident at the optimum MBT timing. On the contrary, under MIF conditions with down-boosting, reduced NOx formation and improved generating efficiency could be achieved, but was accompanied by an MFB decrease. Moreover, the reduced MFB could be enhanced by H2 addition and spark-timing control. Compared to MBT, MIF optimization had advantages in terms of generating efficiency, NOx emission reduction, and spark-timing control, and could avoid boosting degradation over the entire operating range for various fuel compositions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8510-8524
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume39
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May 27

Fingerprint

spark ignition
Internal combustion engines
brakes
engines
torque
generators
Torque
Brakes
Hydrogen
sparks
Electric sparks
time measurement
hydrogen
Biogas
degradation
Engines
factorial design
Degradation
optimization
experiment design

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "Predicting the performance and NOx emissions of a turbocharged spark-ignition engine generator fueled with biogases and hydrogen addition under down-boosting condition",
abstract = "The characteristics of an engine generator fueled with methane-based biogas and its blend with hydrogen (H2) were numerically investigated using a one-dimensional cycle simulation and the fractional factorial design of experiment method. Based on the experimental results, the numerical model was validated and calibrated under various excess air ratio (EAR), boost pressure, spark timing, and biogas composition conditions. The conventional and current optimization methods, maximum brake torque (MBT), and minimum input fuel (MIF) conditions, were compared in terms of engine performance, NOx emission, and generating efficiency. Under MBT conditions, although higher torque and mass fraction burned (MFB) could be achieved, boosting degradation was evident at the optimum MBT timing. On the contrary, under MIF conditions with down-boosting, reduced NOx formation and improved generating efficiency could be achieved, but was accompanied by an MFB decrease. Moreover, the reduced MFB could be enhanced by H2 addition and spark-timing control. Compared to MBT, MIF optimization had advantages in terms of generating efficiency, NOx emission reduction, and spark-timing control, and could avoid boosting degradation over the entire operating range for various fuel compositions.",
author = "Jungsoo Park and Soonho Song",
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N2 - The characteristics of an engine generator fueled with methane-based biogas and its blend with hydrogen (H2) were numerically investigated using a one-dimensional cycle simulation and the fractional factorial design of experiment method. Based on the experimental results, the numerical model was validated and calibrated under various excess air ratio (EAR), boost pressure, spark timing, and biogas composition conditions. The conventional and current optimization methods, maximum brake torque (MBT), and minimum input fuel (MIF) conditions, were compared in terms of engine performance, NOx emission, and generating efficiency. Under MBT conditions, although higher torque and mass fraction burned (MFB) could be achieved, boosting degradation was evident at the optimum MBT timing. On the contrary, under MIF conditions with down-boosting, reduced NOx formation and improved generating efficiency could be achieved, but was accompanied by an MFB decrease. Moreover, the reduced MFB could be enhanced by H2 addition and spark-timing control. Compared to MBT, MIF optimization had advantages in terms of generating efficiency, NOx emission reduction, and spark-timing control, and could avoid boosting degradation over the entire operating range for various fuel compositions.

AB - The characteristics of an engine generator fueled with methane-based biogas and its blend with hydrogen (H2) were numerically investigated using a one-dimensional cycle simulation and the fractional factorial design of experiment method. Based on the experimental results, the numerical model was validated and calibrated under various excess air ratio (EAR), boost pressure, spark timing, and biogas composition conditions. The conventional and current optimization methods, maximum brake torque (MBT), and minimum input fuel (MIF) conditions, were compared in terms of engine performance, NOx emission, and generating efficiency. Under MBT conditions, although higher torque and mass fraction burned (MFB) could be achieved, boosting degradation was evident at the optimum MBT timing. On the contrary, under MIF conditions with down-boosting, reduced NOx formation and improved generating efficiency could be achieved, but was accompanied by an MFB decrease. Moreover, the reduced MFB could be enhanced by H2 addition and spark-timing control. Compared to MBT, MIF optimization had advantages in terms of generating efficiency, NOx emission reduction, and spark-timing control, and could avoid boosting degradation over the entire operating range for various fuel compositions.

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