Background: Predictive markers for treatment response and survival outcome have not been identified in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving chemoimmunotherapy. We aimed to evaluate whether imaging biomarkers of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and routinely assessed clinico-laboratory values were associated with clinical outcomes in patients with advanced NSCLC receiving pembrolizumab plus platinum-doublet chemotherapy as a first-line treatment. Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 52 patients with advanced NSCLC who underwent baseline 18F-FDG PET/CT before treatment initiation. PET/CT parameters and clinico-laboratory variables, constituting the prognostic immunotherapy scoring system, were collected. Optimal cut-off values for PET/CT parameters were determined using the maximized log-rank test for progression-free survival (PFS). A multivariate prediction model was developed based on Cox models for PFS, and a scoring system was established based on hazard ratios of the predictive factors. Results: During the median follow-up period of 16.7 months (95% confidence interval: 15.7–17.7 months), 43 (82.7%) and 31 (59.6%) patients experienced disease progression and death, respectively. Objective response was observed in 23 (44.2%) patients. In the multivariate analysis, maximum standardized uptake value, metabolic tumour volume2.5, total lesion glycolysis2.5, and bone marrow-to-liver uptake ratio from the PET/CT variables and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) from the clinico-laboratory variables were independently associated with PFS. The scoring system based on these independent predictive variables significantly predicted the treatment response, PFS, and overall survival. Conclusion: PET/CT variables and NLR were useful biomarkers for predicting outcomes of patients with NSCLC receiving pembrolizumab and chemotherapy as a first-line treatment, suggesting their potential as effective markers for combined PD-1 blockade and chemotherapy.
|Journal||Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Jan|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (NRF-2016R1D1A1B01014677 to A.C. and NRF-2019R1A2C4069993 to S.M.L.) and Young Medical Scientist Research Grant Program of the Daewoong Foundation (DY20206 P to C.G.K.).
© The Author(s), 2022.
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