This study aims to predict the compressional wave velocity (Vp) from the photographic images of cylindrically cored cement-reinforced soils using a convolutional neural network (CNN) model. The experimentally measured Vp values and corresponding surficial core images were subjected to the CNN regression model based on a backbone network pre-trained by transfer learning. The model was retrained by fine-tuning and optimized with regularization strategies and data augmentation. The results showed that the trained network model reliably predicted Vp with reasonable performance of R2 = 0.78. Three-dimensional X-ray computed tomographic imaging of both overestimated and underestimated specimens revealed that surficial core images did not sufficiently reflect the internal structures. The slightly scattered prediction seemed attributed to the insufficient dataset size and invisible internal structure. Nevertheless, the proposed approach allowed not only estimating Vp at unmeasured spots in cores based on core images by fully leveraging artificial intelligence but also obtaining consecutive Vp profiles. Furthermore, this study established the hardly seen correlation between core image and Vp by the proposed CNN regression model and can be extended to estimation of other geophysical and geomechanical properties to construct a sufficient dataset for subsurface geostatistical modeling.
|Journal||Computers and Geotechnics|
|Publication status||Published - 2023 Jan|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Land and Housing Institute (LHI) grant funded by the Korea Land and Housing Corporation and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (Nos. 2020R1A2C1014815 , NRF-2021R1A5A1032433 ).
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Computer Science Applications