Prediction of development of liver-related events by transient elastography in Hepatitis B patients with complete virological response on antiviral therapy

Hye Won Lee, Eun Jin Yoo, Beom Kyung Kim, Seungup Kim, Junyong Park, doyoung kim, SangHoon Ahn, KwangHyub Han

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES:In the era of antiviral therapy, the prognostic significance of serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level as a biological gradient substantially diminished, as most patients can achieve complete virological response (CVR). We aimed to investigate the predictive roles of liver stiffness (LS) for liver-related events (LREs) among patients with CVR.METHODS:We analyzed 192 patients with chronic HBV infection who achieved CVR (defined as HBV DNA <20 IU/ml) through entecavir therapy. LS values at CVR were measured using transient elastography. LREs were defined as any cirrhotic complication, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver-related mortality.RESULTS:The median age of the patients was 49 years, and 134 (69.8%) were male. The median LS value at CVR was 8.8 kPa. During follow-up, LREs occurred in 25 (13.0%) patients. When the population was stratified into three groups (<8.0 kPa, 8.0-13.0 kPa, and >13.0 kPa), cumulative LRE incidences increased significantly in association with LS values (log-rank test, P=0.001). Patients with an LS value >13.0 kPa (hazard ratio (HR)=12.336, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.335-114.010; P=0.027) and 8.0-13.0 kPa (HR=8.832, 95% CI 1.092-71.432; P=0.041) were at significantly greater risk compared with those with an LS value <8.0 kPa. On multivariate analysis, age and LS values were seen to be independent predictors (all P<0.05). When LS values were incorporated into the REACH-B scoring model instead of serum HBV DNA level, a better predictive performance was seen compared with a conventional approach (areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.814 vs. 0.629, respectively).CONCLUSIONS:LS values at CVR are useful for predicting forthcoming LRE development. Thus, in the era of potent antiviral therapy, tailored surveillance strategies might be established based upon LS values at CVR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1241-1249
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume109
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Elasticity Imaging Techniques
Hepatitis B
Antiviral Agents
Liver
Hepatitis B virus
Therapeutics
DNA
Confidence Intervals
Chronic Hepatitis B
Virus Diseases
Serum
ROC Curve
Multivariate Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

@article{9befa63c21e14f389dd4421ab3b88c0e,
title = "Prediction of development of liver-related events by transient elastography in Hepatitis B patients with complete virological response on antiviral therapy",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES:In the era of antiviral therapy, the prognostic significance of serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level as a biological gradient substantially diminished, as most patients can achieve complete virological response (CVR). We aimed to investigate the predictive roles of liver stiffness (LS) for liver-related events (LREs) among patients with CVR.METHODS:We analyzed 192 patients with chronic HBV infection who achieved CVR (defined as HBV DNA <20 IU/ml) through entecavir therapy. LS values at CVR were measured using transient elastography. LREs were defined as any cirrhotic complication, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver-related mortality.RESULTS:The median age of the patients was 49 years, and 134 (69.8{\%}) were male. The median LS value at CVR was 8.8 kPa. During follow-up, LREs occurred in 25 (13.0{\%}) patients. When the population was stratified into three groups (<8.0 kPa, 8.0-13.0 kPa, and >13.0 kPa), cumulative LRE incidences increased significantly in association with LS values (log-rank test, P=0.001). Patients with an LS value >13.0 kPa (hazard ratio (HR)=12.336, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) 1.335-114.010; P=0.027) and 8.0-13.0 kPa (HR=8.832, 95{\%} CI 1.092-71.432; P=0.041) were at significantly greater risk compared with those with an LS value <8.0 kPa. On multivariate analysis, age and LS values were seen to be independent predictors (all P<0.05). When LS values were incorporated into the REACH-B scoring model instead of serum HBV DNA level, a better predictive performance was seen compared with a conventional approach (areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.814 vs. 0.629, respectively).CONCLUSIONS:LS values at CVR are useful for predicting forthcoming LRE development. Thus, in the era of potent antiviral therapy, tailored surveillance strategies might be established based upon LS values at CVR.",
author = "Lee, {Hye Won} and Yoo, {Eun Jin} and Kim, {Beom Kyung} and Seungup Kim and Junyong Park and doyoung kim and SangHoon Ahn and KwangHyub Han",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/ajg.2014.157",
language = "English",
volume = "109",
pages = "1241--1249",
journal = "American Journal of Gastroenterology",
issn = "0002-9270",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prediction of development of liver-related events by transient elastography in Hepatitis B patients with complete virological response on antiviral therapy

AU - Lee, Hye Won

AU - Yoo, Eun Jin

AU - Kim, Beom Kyung

AU - Kim, Seungup

AU - Park, Junyong

AU - kim, doyoung

AU - Ahn, SangHoon

AU - Han, KwangHyub

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES:In the era of antiviral therapy, the prognostic significance of serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level as a biological gradient substantially diminished, as most patients can achieve complete virological response (CVR). We aimed to investigate the predictive roles of liver stiffness (LS) for liver-related events (LREs) among patients with CVR.METHODS:We analyzed 192 patients with chronic HBV infection who achieved CVR (defined as HBV DNA <20 IU/ml) through entecavir therapy. LS values at CVR were measured using transient elastography. LREs were defined as any cirrhotic complication, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver-related mortality.RESULTS:The median age of the patients was 49 years, and 134 (69.8%) were male. The median LS value at CVR was 8.8 kPa. During follow-up, LREs occurred in 25 (13.0%) patients. When the population was stratified into three groups (<8.0 kPa, 8.0-13.0 kPa, and >13.0 kPa), cumulative LRE incidences increased significantly in association with LS values (log-rank test, P=0.001). Patients with an LS value >13.0 kPa (hazard ratio (HR)=12.336, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.335-114.010; P=0.027) and 8.0-13.0 kPa (HR=8.832, 95% CI 1.092-71.432; P=0.041) were at significantly greater risk compared with those with an LS value <8.0 kPa. On multivariate analysis, age and LS values were seen to be independent predictors (all P<0.05). When LS values were incorporated into the REACH-B scoring model instead of serum HBV DNA level, a better predictive performance was seen compared with a conventional approach (areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.814 vs. 0.629, respectively).CONCLUSIONS:LS values at CVR are useful for predicting forthcoming LRE development. Thus, in the era of potent antiviral therapy, tailored surveillance strategies might be established based upon LS values at CVR.

AB - OBJECTIVES:In the era of antiviral therapy, the prognostic significance of serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level as a biological gradient substantially diminished, as most patients can achieve complete virological response (CVR). We aimed to investigate the predictive roles of liver stiffness (LS) for liver-related events (LREs) among patients with CVR.METHODS:We analyzed 192 patients with chronic HBV infection who achieved CVR (defined as HBV DNA <20 IU/ml) through entecavir therapy. LS values at CVR were measured using transient elastography. LREs were defined as any cirrhotic complication, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver-related mortality.RESULTS:The median age of the patients was 49 years, and 134 (69.8%) were male. The median LS value at CVR was 8.8 kPa. During follow-up, LREs occurred in 25 (13.0%) patients. When the population was stratified into three groups (<8.0 kPa, 8.0-13.0 kPa, and >13.0 kPa), cumulative LRE incidences increased significantly in association with LS values (log-rank test, P=0.001). Patients with an LS value >13.0 kPa (hazard ratio (HR)=12.336, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.335-114.010; P=0.027) and 8.0-13.0 kPa (HR=8.832, 95% CI 1.092-71.432; P=0.041) were at significantly greater risk compared with those with an LS value <8.0 kPa. On multivariate analysis, age and LS values were seen to be independent predictors (all P<0.05). When LS values were incorporated into the REACH-B scoring model instead of serum HBV DNA level, a better predictive performance was seen compared with a conventional approach (areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.814 vs. 0.629, respectively).CONCLUSIONS:LS values at CVR are useful for predicting forthcoming LRE development. Thus, in the era of potent antiviral therapy, tailored surveillance strategies might be established based upon LS values at CVR.

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