Background: Although there has been marked development in surgical techniques, there is no easy and fast method of predicting complications in minimally invasive surgeries. We evaluated whether the modified surgical Apgar score (MSAS) could predict perioperative complications in patients undergoing robotic-assisted radical hysterectomy. Methods: All patients with cervical cancer undergoing robotic-assisted radical hysterectomy at our institution between January 2011 and May 2017 were included. Their clinical characteristics were retrieved from their medical records. The surgical Apgar score (SAS) was calculated from the estimated blood loss, lowest mean arterial pressure, and lowest heart rate during surgery. We modified the SAS considering the lesser blood loss typical of robotic surgeries. Perioperative complications were defined using a previous study and the Clavien-Dindo classification and subdivided into intraoperative and postoperative complications. We analyzed the association of perioperative complications with low MSAS. Results: A total of 138 patients were divided into 2 groups: with (n = 53) and without (n = 85) complications. According to the Clavien-Dindo classification, 49 perioperative complications were classified under Grade I (73.1%); 13, under Grade II (19.4%); and 5, under Grade III (7.5%); 0, under both Grade IV and Grade V. Perioperative complications were significantly associated with surgical time (p = 0.026). The MSAS had a correlation with perioperative complications (p = 0.047). The low MSAS (MSAS, ≤6; n = 52) group had significantly more complications [40 (76.9%), p = 0.01]. Intraoperative complications were more correlated with a low MSAS than were postoperative complications [1 (1.2%) vs. 21 (40.4%); p < 0.001, 13 (15.1%) vs. 25 (48.1%); p = 0.29, respectively]. We also analyzed the risk-stratified MSAS in 3 subgroups: low (MSAS, 7-10), moderate (MSAS 5-6), and high risks (MSAS, 0-4). The prevalence of intraoperative complications significantly increased as the MSAS decreased p = 0.01). Conclusions: This study was consistent the concept that the intuitive and simple MSAS might be more useful in predicting intraoperative complications than in predicting postoperative complications in minimally invasive surgeries, such as robotic-assisted radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research