Prediction of total sediment load in sand-bed rivers in korea using lateral distribution method

Sung Uk Choi, Jinhwi Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new method for numerically predicting the total sediment load in a river is proposed. The method can be used to predict the total sediment load with information on channel geometry and slope, flow, and bed materials. The conventional method uses a 1D approach that assumes the channel has a wide rectangular shape. However, the proposed method computes depth-averaged velocity over the width and predicts the total sediment load based on the flow computations. The new method, therefore, is expected to predict better if the flow changes significantly in the lateral direction. The proposed method was applied to three large sand-bed rivers in Korea, where information is available regarding suspended sediment. Five formulas were tested of use in making total sediment load computations, namely Engelund-Hansen's, Ackers-White's, Yang's, Brownlie's, and Karim's formulas. The predicted total sediment loads are compared not only with measured data but also with results calculated using the 1D approach. Discrepancy ratios between the predicted and measured total sediment loads are given and the results are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-225
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Water Resources Association
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 1

Fingerprint

river bed
sand
prediction
sediment
suspended sediment
method
distribution
geometry
river

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

@article{f0ae83a61f494576be53e38f01d6c54c,
title = "Prediction of total sediment load in sand-bed rivers in korea using lateral distribution method",
abstract = "A new method for numerically predicting the total sediment load in a river is proposed. The method can be used to predict the total sediment load with information on channel geometry and slope, flow, and bed materials. The conventional method uses a 1D approach that assumes the channel has a wide rectangular shape. However, the proposed method computes depth-averaged velocity over the width and predicts the total sediment load based on the flow computations. The new method, therefore, is expected to predict better if the flow changes significantly in the lateral direction. The proposed method was applied to three large sand-bed rivers in Korea, where information is available regarding suspended sediment. Five formulas were tested of use in making total sediment load computations, namely Engelund-Hansen's, Ackers-White's, Yang's, Brownlie's, and Karim's formulas. The predicted total sediment loads are compared not only with measured data but also with results calculated using the 1D approach. Discrepancy ratios between the predicted and measured total sediment loads are given and the results are discussed.",
author = "Choi, {Sung Uk} and Jinhwi Lee",
year = "2015",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jawr.12249",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "214--225",
journal = "Journal of the American Water Resources Association",
issn = "1093-474X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

Prediction of total sediment load in sand-bed rivers in korea using lateral distribution method. / Choi, Sung Uk; Lee, Jinhwi.

In: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, Vol. 51, No. 1, 01.02.2015, p. 214-225.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prediction of total sediment load in sand-bed rivers in korea using lateral distribution method

AU - Choi, Sung Uk

AU - Lee, Jinhwi

PY - 2015/2/1

Y1 - 2015/2/1

N2 - A new method for numerically predicting the total sediment load in a river is proposed. The method can be used to predict the total sediment load with information on channel geometry and slope, flow, and bed materials. The conventional method uses a 1D approach that assumes the channel has a wide rectangular shape. However, the proposed method computes depth-averaged velocity over the width and predicts the total sediment load based on the flow computations. The new method, therefore, is expected to predict better if the flow changes significantly in the lateral direction. The proposed method was applied to three large sand-bed rivers in Korea, where information is available regarding suspended sediment. Five formulas were tested of use in making total sediment load computations, namely Engelund-Hansen's, Ackers-White's, Yang's, Brownlie's, and Karim's formulas. The predicted total sediment loads are compared not only with measured data but also with results calculated using the 1D approach. Discrepancy ratios between the predicted and measured total sediment loads are given and the results are discussed.

AB - A new method for numerically predicting the total sediment load in a river is proposed. The method can be used to predict the total sediment load with information on channel geometry and slope, flow, and bed materials. The conventional method uses a 1D approach that assumes the channel has a wide rectangular shape. However, the proposed method computes depth-averaged velocity over the width and predicts the total sediment load based on the flow computations. The new method, therefore, is expected to predict better if the flow changes significantly in the lateral direction. The proposed method was applied to three large sand-bed rivers in Korea, where information is available regarding suspended sediment. Five formulas were tested of use in making total sediment load computations, namely Engelund-Hansen's, Ackers-White's, Yang's, Brownlie's, and Karim's formulas. The predicted total sediment loads are compared not only with measured data but also with results calculated using the 1D approach. Discrepancy ratios between the predicted and measured total sediment loads are given and the results are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84922716715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84922716715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jawr.12249

DO - 10.1111/jawr.12249

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84922716715

VL - 51

SP - 214

EP - 225

JO - Journal of the American Water Resources Association

JF - Journal of the American Water Resources Association

SN - 1093-474X

IS - 1

ER -