Preferential formation of electroactive crystalline phases in poly(vinylidene fluoride)/organically modified silicate nanocomposites

Subramaniyan Ramasundaram, Sun Yoon, Kap Jin Kim, Cheolmin Park

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Abstract

The role of organically modified silicate (OMS), Lucentite STN on the formation of β-crystalline phase of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) is investigated in the present study. The OMS was solution blended with PVDF and cast on glass slide to form PVDF-OMS nanocomposites. Solution cast samples were subjected to various thermal treatments including annealing (AC-AN), melt-quenching followed by annealing (MQ-AN), and melt-slow cooling (MSC). Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to investigate the crystalline structure of thermally treated samples. As a special effort, the combination of in situ thermal FT-IR, WAXD, and DSC studies was utilized to clearly assess the thermal properties. FT-IR and WAXD results of MQ-AN samples revealed the presence of β-phase of PVDF. Ion-dipole interaction between the exfoliated clay nanolayers and PVDF was considered as a main factor for the formation of β-phase. Melt-crystallization temperature and subsequent melting point were enhanced by the addition of OMS. Solid β- to γ-crystal phase transition was observed from in situ FT-IR and WAXD curves when the representative MQ-AN sample was subjected to thermal scanning. Upon heating, β-phase was found to disappear through transformation to the thermodynamically stable γ-phase rather than melting directly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2173-2187
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume46
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct 15

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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